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2008年7月 9日 (水)


(Jul. 9, 2008) The Yomiuri Shimbun

G-8 emissions target a goal for all nations

G8環境宣言 世界で目標を共有できるか(7月9日付・読売社説)

The leaders of the Group of Eight nations reaffirmed at their summit meeting they will make efforts to achieve no less than a 50 percent reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, and called on the world to "share" and "consider" their vision. In doing so, the world's major economies achieved a result that matched the most optimistic forecasts.


At the Hokkaido Toyako summit Tuesday, the G-8 leaders released a statement on measures to tackle global warming--the most pressing issue of the meeting.


To achieve the long-term goal of halving greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, the G-8 leaders agreed that halving emissions will require the involvement of not only G-8 nations but also every other country.


Currently, greenhouse gases are emitted at an almost equal rate by industrialized nations as a group and emerging and developing nations as a group. If it is left to the world's industrialized nations to make efforts to meet the G-8 target, global greenhouse gas emissions cannot be halved. The statement therefore saw the G-8 leaders urge, in concert, emerging and developing economies to make efforts to cut their emissions by an appropriate amount.



Statement a step forward


The statement can be seen as a step forward, as the G-8 nations, including the United States, seek to negotiate an agreement on a long-term goal as part of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change.


Regarding goals for the next 10 to 20 years, the G-8 leaders agreed to set up country-by-country emission-reduction objectives. The leaders praised the Japanese-proposed sector-by-sector approaches as "useful tools" to assist with specifying individual nation's emission-reduction targets.


On Wednesday, a conference of the Major Emitters Meeting will be held, attended by emerging nations such as China and India. What responses the emerging countries will make to the G-8 statement will be a key focus.


The post-Kyoto Protocol framework, which begins in 2013, has to be finalized by the end of next year. The G-8 agreement is seen as a key indicator of the future direction of discussions at U.N. panel negotiations.


Seen in a broad context, we believe Japan ably fulfilled the role of chair at the Toyako summit.




U.S. taking backseat


At last year's G-8 summit in Heiligendamm, Germany, the G-8 nations agreed to "seriously consider" halving greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. At the Toyako meeting, the G-8 nations were urged to produce further results.


Although the European Union argued that industrialized nations should set up stricter numerical targets than a 50 percent reduction, the G-8 statement did not set a numerical goal.


The United States has taken a backseat role in G-8 discussions on a long-term goal, insisting that any agreement cannot be effective unless China and India, which are major emitters, also sign up to it. As a result, the G-8 statement was weighed down by the U.S. stance.


(weigh down=腰を折る、意気消沈させる)

The G-8 leaders confirmed they would continue to provide financial and technical support to help emerging and developing nations reduce greenhouse gas emissions.


While receiving support from industrialized nations, emerging and developing nations should work for the common good of the planet toward the emission target and strive to reduce their emissions as much as their particular circumstances allow.


(strive to...=~しようと努力する)

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, July 9, 2008)

2008790158  読売新聞)


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