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2008年7月23日 (水)

労働白書

(Mainichi Japan) July 22, 2008

More workers getting no job satisfaction

労働白書:仕事の満足度低下 背景に非正規急増や成果主義

Fewer workers are feeling a sense of job satisfaction amid the recent surge in non-regular employment and the introduction of a merit-based pay system, a government report has found.

The White Paper on Labor for 2008, announced by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare on Tuesday, pointed out that workers' sense of satisfaction has been on the decline in terms of employment security and a sense of fulfillment from their jobs.

It was the first time that the white paper cited a sense of satisfaction among workers.

The white paper quoted data from a Cabinet Office's survey and pointed out that the percentage of people who said they were satisfied with employment stability declined from 33 percent in 1978 to 14.8 percent in 2005.

Likewise, the white paper said workers' satisfaction with their jobs dropped from 30.5 percent to 16.6 percent and their satisfaction with income increases decreased from 23.7 percent to 6.2 percent.

"The merit-based pay system, which companies have introduced in order to raise motivation among workers, has not necessarily been successful. The operation of wage systems needs to be improved," the white paper said.

Meanwhile, the white paper said the percentage of non-regular workers -- apart from part-time workers -- increased from 38 percent in 2001 to 44 percent in 2006 and pointed out that non-regular workers have a relatively lower sense of job satisfaction compared to regular workers.

"There are rising anxieties and dissatisfaction among workers who cannot be employed as regular workers. It is true that non-regular employment is effective in terms of cost reduction, but it does not serve to boost vocational capability and plays a negative role in terms of labor productivity," the white paper said.

The white paper referred to long-term employment and the seniority system that were prevalent at Japanese companies but became subject to criticism when Japan was losing international competitiveness. "There is a move to revaluate them," the white paper said.

Words and phrases:

amid=~の中に、で)(merit-based pay system=成果主義賃金システム) (sense of fulfillment=達成感)

(sense of satisfaction=満足感) (quote=引用する) (likewise=同じように、同様に) (motivation=やる気、動機づけ、動機)

(wage systems=賃金体系) (meanwhile=一方、一方では、同時に)(non-regular-worker=非正規労働者)

(cost reduction=原価の低減) (vocational capability=職業上の能力、職務遂行能力)

(long-term employment=長期雇用) (seniority systems=年功序列賃金制度

厚生労働省は22日、08年版の「労働経済の分析」(労働白書)を公表した。労働者の仕事に対する満足感を初めて取り上げ、雇用の安定や仕事のやりがいなどの面で満足度が低下していると指摘。背景として非正規労働の急増や成果主義賃金の導入などを挙げ、「日本的雇用制度への再評価が広がっている」と分析している。

白書は内閣府の「国民生活選好度調査」からデータを引き、「雇用の安定」について「満足」と答えた人の割合が78年の33%から05年には14.8%に減ったと指摘。同じく「仕事のやりがい」は30.5%から16.6%に、「収入の増加」も23.7%から6.2%に低下したことを示した。そのうえで「企業が仕事への意欲を高める目的で導入した成果主義賃金制度が必ずしも成功していない。賃金制度の運用改善に心がける必要がある」と提言している。

また、正社員の仕事がなく、パート以外の非正規で働いている人の割合は01年の38%から06年には44%に上昇し、正社員に比べ相対的に仕事への満足感が低いと強調。「正社員になれない就業者の不安や不満が高まっている。非正規雇用はコスト削減には有効でも、職業能力を高めず、労働生産性向上にはマイナス」と断じた。

そして、日本が国際競争力を失っていく過程で批判された長期雇用や年功序列賃金制度などに言及、「再評価の動きがある」とした。【東海林智】

(毎日新聞 2008722日 1214分(最終更新 722日 1246分)

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