« あの懐かしいガンダムやムーミンが | トップページ | 子供たちの成績アップのお役にたてば »

2008年8月12日 (火)


(Aug. 12, 2008) The Yomiuri Shimbun

Japan, U.S. must be firm with N. Korea

テロ指定解除 「北」の検証受け入れが先決だ(812日付・読売社説)

The United States has postponed the removal of North Korea from its list of state sponsors of terrorism. U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice told Foreign Minister Masahiko Komura during at phone conversation Monday that the reclusive nation would not be taken off the list the same day as originally planned.


The United States had promised to remove Pyongyang from the list of state sponsors of terrorism in return for North Korea's nuclear declaration.


U.S. President George W. Bush had said the delisting would be conditional on agreement being reached on verification procedures and a careful examination of the details of the declaration concerning its nuclear weapons programs submitted by North Korea.


Without such an agreement, postponing the delisting was inevitable.


However, an agreement on verification procedures is insufficient. It is important to begin the verification procedures in deed. Although the delisting is possible any time after Monday, Washington should not remove Pyongyang from the list while still at the stage in which verification procedures cannot be pursued.


It has been 1-1/2 months since North Korea submitted its nuclear declaration.


The declaration itself was incomplete, as it did not include information on its nuclear weapons. An easy compromise should not be reached on verification that requires examination of the details of the nuclear declaration.



Broad measures needed


As for how to verify the declaration, the participants at the six-nation talks in July agreed in principle that it would be necessary to enter North Korea's nuclear facilities, to review relevant documents and to question its technical experts involved in Pyongyang's nuclear programs.


However, North Korea has yet to offer its response to a U.S.-penned draft that spells out specific inspection procedures.


North Korea's usual maneuver is to hold out as long as it can in the hope of wringing concessions from the United States.



North Korea's bottom line could well be that it does not want to reveal the actual conditions of its nuclear development through verification.


We wonder whether North Korea will accept all of the strict verification measures. However, at least to establish a verification regime that does not leave a loophole for North Korea to become a nuclear power, the other five nations in the six party talks--Japan, China, South Korea, Russia and the United States--should strengthen their cooperation.



Hard line must be taken


The United States is believed to be insisting that the verification regimen should tackle the whole nuclear program--not only plutonium production, but also uranium enrichment, manufacturing and testing of nuclear weapons and the supply of nuclear technology to other countries.


As for facilities targeted for verification, the United States is said to want the agreement to include all of North Korea's nuclear facilities, not just the three in Yongbyon that North Korea claims to have disabled.


When North Korea submitted its nuclear declaration, the United States compromised and agreed that Pyongyang's uranium enrichment program and proliferation activities would be addressed in a separate, confidential document.


Compared with its position at that time, the United States has now assumed a completely different stance. We assume that Japan's strong opposition to the United States' conciliatory stance may have had some bearing on the change in the U.S. attitude.



The reason North Korea agreed to hold bilateral working-level talks with Japan for the first time in two months may also stem from a mistake in its initial assumption that it would be removed from the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism.



In the current situation under which no progress is being made on the issues of North Korea's abductions of Japanese nationals and Pyongyang's denuclearization, no favors are owed to North Korea.


(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Aug. 12, 2008)

20088120154  読売新聞)


« あの懐かしいガンダムやムーミンが | トップページ | 子供たちの成績アップのお役にたてば »





« あの懐かしいガンダムやムーミンが | トップページ | 子供たちの成績アップのお役にたてば »