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2008年11月13日 (木)

前空幕長招致

(Mainichi Japan) November 12, 2008

Diet testimony by ex-ASDF chief of staff highlights need to better train SDF officers

社説:前空幕長招致 隊内幹部教育の実態究明を

Former Air Self-Defense Force (ASDF) Chief of Staff Toshio Tamogami was summoned to testify before the House of Councillors Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defense on Tuesday as an unsworn witness over his prize-winning essay that is inconsistent with the government's view on Japan's wartime atrocities.

 戦前の日本の植民地支配と侵略を正当化し、政府見解に反する論文を発表した田母神(たもがみ)俊雄・前航空幕僚長が、参院外交防衛委員会に参考人として招致された。

The questioning of Tamogami and Defense Minister Yasukazu Hamada highlighted the fragile nature of Japan's civilian control on the Self-Defense Forces (SDF) and problems involving the education of SDF personnel.

 田母神氏や浜田靖一防衛相に対する質疑で、現在の文民統制(シビリアンコントロール)の危うさと自衛隊内教育の問題点が浮き彫りになった。

Tamogami published a similar essay in the ASDF in-house magazine "Hoyu," denying that Japan was a wartime aggressor, shortly after he assumed the top post in the force. Hamada admitted that he had failed to check its contents.

 田母神氏は空幕長就任直後、航空自衛隊の隊内誌「鵬友」に論文と同様の趣旨の文章を掲載していたが、浜田防衛相は「チェックしていなかった」と述べた。

While he was in the post over a year and seven-month period, Tamogami frequently visited ASDF bases and made speeches to its members. Tamogami said he thinks that one speech he delivered at the Kumagaya base in Saitama Prefecture in January this year was similar to what he wrote in his prize-winning essay. However, the defense minister said the ministry has not confirmed the contents of all of Tamogami's speeches.

 また、田母神氏は空幕長だった1年7カ月の間、頻繁に基地を視察し、隊員らに講話・訓話を繰り返していた。今年1月の熊谷基地(埼玉県熊谷市)での講話について同氏は「内容は論文に書いたのと一緒だと思う」と語ったが、防衛相は講話をすべて確認しているわけではないと述べた。

It is unacceptable that the defense minister failed to notice that Tamogami had repeatedly made statements and wrote about his interpretation of the history of Japan's wartime aggression and colonial rule, which deviates from the government's position.

 今回の論文だけでなく、文章や発言で同様の歴史認識を繰り返していたのに、これを防衛相が把握していなかったのは論外である。

Tamogami told the Diet panel in his testimony that his latest essay was only called into question because many people learned of its contents and made a fuss about it. He meant that he had repeatedly expressed the same opinion in the past, but he was dismissed this time because the media reported on his prize-winning essay.

 田母神氏は、論文が問題になったことについて「今回は多くの人の目につき騒がれたからだ」と語った。従来の主張をしているのに、報道されたために更迭された、というのだ。

One cannot help but say that civilian control of the SDF was lacking under the administration of former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, which appointed Tamogami -- despite the fact that he was well known within the ministry as a person who had expressed unusual opinions -- to the top post in the ASDF, and under the administrations of former Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda and Prime Minister Taro Aso that kept him in his post.

特異な主張をする人物として防衛省内で知られていた人物を空自トップの座に据えた安倍政権、それを引き継いだ福田、麻生政権では、文民統制が機能していなかったと言わざるを得ない。

The Diet panel raised the issue of the curriculum of the SDF Joint Staff College that was worked out when Tamogami headed the institution. The college is known as a stepping-stone for colonel- and lieutenant colonel-level officers who are aspiring to be generals and members of the staff offices of the ASDF, the Ground Self-Defense Force and the Maritime Self-Defense Force.

 委員会では、田母神氏が統合幕僚学校長時代に設置したカリキュラムの問題も取り上げられた。

 統幕学校は、陸海空各自衛隊の1佐、2佐クラスを対象にした、将官・上級幕僚への登竜門である。

The college still runs a course on views on history and the state, which was established in fiscal 2004. Tamogami, who headed the college from December 2002 to August 2004, said he established the course. Outside experts have mainly been invited to lecture for the course. In-house documents of the Defense Ministry show that the interpretation of the Greater East Asia War and the Tokyo Tribunal of War Criminals are among the topics taught in the course.

 同校に04年度に新設された「歴史観・国家観」講座は現在も続いている。02年12月から04年8月まで校長を務めた田母神氏は「私が設けた」と述べた。講義は外部講師が中心で、防衛省の資料によると、教育内容に「大東亜戦争史観」「東京裁判史観」などが並ぶ。

The defense minister told the Diet panel that he does not know the details of what are taught in the course. "We haven't confirmed its contents. We'd like to confirm them." The ministry has withheld the names of the lecturers who teach in the course, but one cannot help but suspect that views on Japan's wartime aggression similar to those of Tamogami have been advocated in the course.

 防衛相は「中身は把握していない。確認したい」と述べた。防衛省は講師名を発表していないが、田母神氏と同様の主張が幹部教育の場で行われていたのではないかとの疑念がわく。

If so, such a biased historical perspective has been implanted in the minds of a large number of top ranking officers of the SDF, creating an environment in which more officers like Tamogami will come to the fore. It is the responsibility of the Aso administration to immediately launch an investigation and take measures to rectify the situation.

 もしそうなら、偏った歴史観を持つ自衛隊幹部が量産され、第2、第3の田母神氏を生む仕組みが作られていたことになる。早急に調査し、是正策を取るのは麻生内閣の責任である。

Some politicians in both the ruling bloc and opposition parties think that the Diet questioning of Tamogami was a kind of ceremony for laying the groundwork for the passage of a bill that would allow the Maritime Self-Defense Force (MSDF) to continue its mission in the Indian Ocean to refuel foreign military vessels engaged in the war against terror. As if to reflect such a view, questions posed by opposition Democratic Party of Japan members were not sharp enough.

 与野党にはこの日の参考人招致は新テロ対策特措法改正案を処理するための「儀式」と受け止める向きもある。これを反映したのか、民主党の追及に迫力は今ひとつ感じられなかった。

The questioning was far from sufficient in clarifying problems involving civilian control and the education of SDF personnel. The Diet should deliberate on the issue with the presence of Prime Minister Aso. The Diet should also consider summoning Tamogami again to testify before the Diet.

 しかし、文民統制の問題も隊内教育の疑惑も解明されたとは言い難い。麻生太郎首相が出席した審議は必須である。田母神氏再招致も検討してしかるべきだ。

毎日新聞 20081112日 004

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