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2009年1月20日 (火)

小沢民主党 信頼できる政策を明示せよ

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jan. 19, 2009)

DPJ must show policies have substance

小沢民主党 信頼できる政策を明示せよ(119日付・読売社説)

If the Democratic Party of Japan is serious about trying to assume the reins of government, it will need to present policies that convince the public of its credentials and widen the party's support base.

 民主党は、政権をうかがう以上、もう少し説得力のある政策を示し、国民の積極的な支持を広げることが重要だ。

On Sunday, the main opposition party held a regular party convention at which DPJ President Ichiro Ozawa expressed his resolve to bring about a change in government. "We'll take the interests of the people to heart and create a new government that will protect people's lives and livelihoods," Ozawa said.

 民主党が18日、定期党大会を開き、小沢代表は「国民とともに歩み、『国民の命と暮らしを守る新しい政権』を樹立する」と政権交代への決意を表明した。

According to several recent opinion surveys, the DPJ has been basking in approval ratings almost on par with those for the Liberal Democratic Party. However, it is still too early to say the DPJ's high approval rating equates to a positive evaluation of the party's political stance and policies by voters.

 民主党への世論調査の支持率は最近、自民党とほぼ拮抗(きっこう)するほど高い。だが、その理由を、民主党の政治姿勢や政策に対する国民の肯定的な評価によるもの、と考えるのは早計だろう。

Rather, the rise in support might be more the result of people becoming disaffected with the LDP and its policies, including its wavering over the controversial fixed-sum cash benefit, and mounting displeasure at a string of verbal gaffes by Prime Minister Taro Aso.

 定額給付金に代表される自民党の迷走や麻生首相の失言に対する批判に起因する消極的支持が多い、と見るべきではないか。

According to a Yomiuri Shimbun survey conducted this month, only 20 percent of respondents said they thought the DPJ had presented proposals that would be effective in stimulating the country's flagging economy. An overwhelming 67 percent answered they did not think the DPJ had offered viable proposals.

 今月の読売新聞調査でも、民主党が景気対策で有効な対案を示している、と考える人は20%にすぎず、そう考えないとの回答が67%と圧倒的に多かった。

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Trustworthiness is key

If the DPJ aspires to defeat the government in the next House of Representatives election, it needs to prove it has the ability to hold the reins of government, not by playing to the gallery, but by presenting policies of its own that people can trust.

 民主党が次期衆院選で政権交代を目指すなら、単なる人気取りでなく、国民が信頼できる政策を選択肢として明示し、政権担当能力を示す必要がある。

At Sunday's party convention, Ozawa proposed two "New Deals" as fresh economic stimulus measures--namely "environmental measures" such as promoting the wider use of solar panels, and "safety and security measures" such as strengthening the earthquake resistance of primary and middle schools as well as hospitals.

 小沢代表は党大会で、新たな経済対策として、太陽光発電パネルの普及など「環境」と、小中学校校舎や病院の耐震化など「安全・安心」という二つの「ニューディール政策」を提唱した。

The party should immediately start concrete discussions on these proposals and spell them out in a manifesto and other mediums.

 早急に具体的な内容を詰め、政権公約(マニフェスト)などの形にまとめるべきだろう。

In October, the DPJ estimated that implementing its pledges, including child benefits, should it come to power would cost 56.9 trillion yen over four years. Although the party presented a brief breakdown of the estimate, it failed to clarify where the financial resources to fund these promises would come from. We hope the party will deepen discussions on the matter and make its pledges more credible.

 昨年10月には、子ども手当など政権公約の実現に必要な財源を4年間で総額56・9兆円と試算し、その内訳の概要を示したが、財源の根拠は不明確なままだった。今後、さらに議論を深め、説得力を持つ公約に改めてもらいたい。

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Diplomatic concerns

The DPJ's fiscal 2009 campaign policy, which was approved at the convention, stressed the party would "win the trust and friendship of the international community by employing self-determined and active diplomacy that centers on peace and the environment." However, this leaves some nagging doubts. How does the DPJ plan to handle the Japan-U.S. security alliance, a cornerstone of this nation's diplomacy?

 民主党が採択した2009年度活動方針は、「平和と環境を軸とした主体的・積極的外交の展開により国際社会の信頼と友好を勝ち取る」と強調する。だが、日本外交の基軸である日米関係を一体どうするのか、疑問がある。

The DPJ is demanding the Maritime Self-Defense Force's refueling mission in the Indian Ocean be terminated. It also insists that the Japan-U.S. agreement over the relocation of the U.S. Marine Corps Futenma Air Station in Ginowan, Okinawa Prefecture, be reviewed and that the Japan-U.S. Status of Forces Agreement be revised. The party also has opposed a special agreement on Japan's host-nation support for the costs of U.S. military forces stationed in Japan.

 民主党は、インド洋での海上自衛隊の給油活動の中止を求めるとともに、海兵隊普天間飛行場の移設合意の見直しや日米地位協定の改定を主張する。在日米軍駐留経費の特別協定にも反対した。

These matters directly concern the foundation of the Japan-U.S. security alliance. Any slip-ups or careless handling of these issues could strain relations between Tokyo and Washington.

 いずれも日米同盟の根幹にかかわる問題だ。対応次第では、日米関係を大きく損ないかねない。

What, precisely, does the DPJ mean by "self-determined and active diplomacy"? The party will need to discuss in detail the finer points of this question.

 活動方針の「主体的・積極的外交」とは何を意味するのか。徹底した党内論議が不可欠だ。

The DPJ will never be considered a responsible party if its main priority remains preventing internal disarray on key policies while continuing to skirt debating these tough questions.

党内の足並みを乱さないことだけを優先し、論議を回避し続けるようでは、責任政党とは言えまい。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Jan. 19, 2009)

20091190137  読売新聞)

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