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2009年1月11日 (日)

衆院予算委 民主党は積極的に対案を示せ

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jan. 9, 2009)

Time for DPJ to offer alternative budget plan

衆院予算委 民主党は積極的に対案を示せ(19日付・読売社説)

Discussions on the government-proposed secondary supplementary budget for fiscal 2008 started Thursday at the House of Representatives Budget Committee.

Lawmakers of both the ruling and opposition parties should actively discuss not only interim economic stimulus measures, but also policies on a wide variety of domestic and global issues in order to present options to the public, as this year will see a general election.

 総選挙が行われる年の国会論戦である。与野党は、当面の景気対策はもちろん、内外の諸課題について幅広く政策を競い合い、国民に選択肢を示してもらいたい。

 衆院予算委員会で、政府の2008年度第2次補正予算案に対する各党の質疑が始まった。

The supplementary budget should originally have been enacted during the extraordinary Diet session that wrapped up late last year. The schedule for its passage cannot be delayed any further.

 第2次補正予算案は、本来ならば昨年末の臨時国会で成立を目指すべきものだった。これ以上、対応が後手に回ってはなるまい。

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Turn good ideas into bills

Lawmakers must not only enact the secondary supplementary budget as early as possible, but also swiftly advance deliberations on the fiscal 2009 budget, which is tied to the supplementary budget.

 第2次補正予算案の早期成立はもとより、それと一体の09年度予算案についても審議を急がねばならない。

Discussions at the budget committee are focused mostly on the 2-trillion yen flat-sum cash benefit program included in the supplementary budget.

 衆院予算委での最大の論点は、第2次補正予算案に盛り込まれた2兆円の定額給付金の扱いだ。

The Democratic Party of Japan and two other opposition parties jointly proposed a bill to remove the program from the supplementary budget. This bill also was discussed at the committee.

 民主党など野党3党は定額給付金を削除する修正案を提出し、これも併せて審議された。

Naoto Kan, acting president of the DPJ, said the 2 trillion yen earmarked for the program could be used more efficiently by adding it to next fiscal year's budget. According to Kan, of this money, 1 trillion yen could be added to expenses earmarked for the seismic reinforcement of school buildings, 700 billion yen added to expenses for securing nursing care workers and 300 billion yen added to employment measures

 民主党の菅直人代表代行は質疑で、2兆円のより効果的な使い道として、09年度予算案で、学校耐震化に1兆円、介護人材の確保に7000億円、雇用対策に3000億円をそれぞれ積み増す案を初めて示した。

Kan's constructive arguments could be positively evaluated as not only a demand on the government to remove the program from the supplementary budget, but also as a proposal of an alternative plan. What Kan proposed should be made more concrete through swift discussions within the DPJ so it can be proposed as a bill.

 単なる削除要求だけでなく、対案を示そうとしたことは、建設的な姿勢として評価できる。党内論議を急いでより具体化し、法案として提出することが望まれる。

Employment measures are another focus of discussions at the budget committee. During the committee's discussions, Nobuteru Ishihara, acting secretary general of the Liberal Democratic Party, demanded the quick implementation of economic measures. Ishihara quoted people running small- and medium-sized companies as saying that government measures have solved their cash-flow problems, but that orders, which are more important, are disappearing in the current economic turmoil.

 雇用対策も大きな論点だ。

 自民党の石原伸晃・幹事長代理は、「政府の対策で資金繰りはついたが、今度は肝心の仕事がなくなった」という中小企業経営者の悲鳴を紹介しつつ、迅速な経済対策の実行を求めた。

Lawmakers of both the ruling and opposition parties at the committee recognized that the economic and employment situations are deteriorating faster than that of government actions.

 実体経済と雇用情勢の悪化が、政府の対応を上回る速度で進んでいることについて、与野党とも同じ認識が示された。

The four employment bills submitted jointly by the DPJ and other opposition parties were scrapped at the extraordinary Diet session last month. The DPJ should submit a new version of its own employment bill after clarifying differences between employment measures of the DPJ and those of the government.

 昨年末の臨時国会では、民主党などが提出した雇用関連法案が否決された。民主党は雇用対策について政府案との違いを整理し、改めて対案を示してはどうか。

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Both sides need compromise

The ruling camp also will have to make some concessions with the opposition parties through policy consultations.

 与党も政策協議を通じ、歩み寄ることも必要だろう。

Lawmakers are currently considering restrictions on dispatching temporary workers to the manufacturing industry, but depending on the level of restrictions, this could affect Japan's international competitiveness and job security. Some business leaders are considering the introduction of job sharing, a method to have one job shared by more than one worker by shortening work hours per person.

 製造業への派遣規制は、やり方によっては、国際競争力や雇用確保にも影響する。経済界には、1人当たりの労働時間を縮めて仕事を分け合うワークシェアリングを検討する動きも出ている。

From a medium- to long-term viewpoint, lawmakers should also discuss how the nation's employment system should be changed and how new industries and new jobs can be created.

 日本の雇用体系をどうしていくのか。新たな産業、新たな雇用をどう創出するのか。中長期的観点からも論じ合うべきだ。

Both sides also should further deepen discussions on other issues, including the enactment of a bill to crack down piracy in waters off Somalia and a consumption tax hike.

 ソマリア沖の海賊被害に対応するための新法の制定や、消費税率引き上げ問題などについても、議論をさらに深めてほしい。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Jan. 9, 2009)

2009190149  読売新聞)

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