« 沿岸捕鯨再開 IWC案を生かさぬ手はない | トップページ | 保有株買い取り―銀行は自らも資本増強を »

2009年2月 5日 (木)

社説:公務員制度改革 「天下り根絶」の裏付けを示せ

(Mainichi Japan) February 5, 2009

Gov't should prevent public servants from landing post-retirement jobs in private sector

社説:公務員制度改革 「天下り根絶」の裏付けを示せ

The government has approved a schedule to reform the public servant system and an outline of a plan to set up a new personnel and administrative management bureau in the Cabinet Secretariat amid confusion.

 混乱の中の決定である。政府は国家公務員制度改革のスケジュールである工程表と、懸案だった内閣人事・行政管理局の組織の概要を決めた。

Without gaining consent from the National Personnel Authority, the government decided to give broad power to the bureau, which would be the sole body to manage personnel affairs for the central government. The authority has reacted sharply to the plan. However, the authority's response is too stubborn to be understood by the public. The government must settle the dispute at an early date.

 人事管理の一元化を支える人事局への権限配分に人事院が反発し、合意を得ないままの見切り発車となった。人事院の対応は硬直的に過ぎ、理解できない。政府は早期に収拾を図らねばならない。

Moreover, measures to prevent public servants from landing post-retirement jobs in businesses they once supervised -- which is outlined in the schedule of the reform -- are not sufficient. The government should work out a concrete personnel management system.

 一方で、工程表が掲げた「天下りの根絶」が十分に裏付けられたとは言いがたい。新たな人事体系の具体化を急ぐべきである。

The reform is based on the fundamental law on national public service system reform, which was passed into law last year, with the aim of eliminating bureaucratic sectionalism. The focus of the reform is to give broad power to the personnel and administrative management bureau to be set up in the Cabinet Secretariat. The National Personnel Authority strongly opposes transferring its power to the Cabinet Secretariat's personnel and administrative management bureau for such issues as determining the number of bureaucrats at each ministry depending on their pay grades, hiring central government officials, holding recruitment and other examinations and training personnel. Its President Masahito Tani is one of the staunch opponents.

 制度改革は、縦割り行政の打破に向け昨年成立した国家公務員制度改革基本法に基づく。焦点となったのは、内閣官房に新設される人事局への権限配分だ。人事院は各省の給与等級に応じた定数を決める権限や、職員の任用、試験、研修に関する企画立案を移管することに反発、谷公士総裁を筆頭に強く抵抗した。

The authority insists that it has been granted the power to determine the number of bureaucrats at each ministry in return for restrictions on national government officials' basic labor rights, such as a ban on going on strike. If so, one option is to transfer the power to the bureau after giving national public servants the right to make a collective labor agreement with the management, which the government is considering.

 人事院は、定数を決める権限は国家公務員が労働基本権を制約される代償措置として与えられていると主張する。ならば、検討中である国家公務員への労働協約締結権の付与などと合わせ、権限を移管することも一法ではないか。

It is not necessarily true that only the National Personnel Authority can handle the planning of recruitment and promotion examinations and other personnel management measures. In consolidating power over personnel management to a single division, it is inevitable to transfer some of the power out of the National Personnel Authority. Measures to ensure the neutrality and fairness of general public servants should be considered separately.

 また、試験などの企画立案は必ずしも人事院のみが担い得るわけではあるまい。人事の一元管理を進めるうえで、一定の機能を移すことは避けられない。一般職公務員の中立・公正の維持を損なわない方策は別途、講じるべきだ。

We agree with the decision to make the personnel and administrative management bureau the sole organization to handle the personnel affairs of the central government. However, if bureaucrats loaned from other ministries and agencies to the bureau control personnel management, it could only increase bureaucrats' power in the government's decision-making. It is worth studying the recruitment of private sector people as director generals and staff members of the bureau.

 今回、人事局に権限と機能の集中を図ったことは賛成だ。だが、各省庁から出向した職員が実務を仕切るようでは、官僚主導を逆に強化しかねない。局長、スタッフへの民間人起用は真剣な検討に値しよう。

In the meantime, more should be done to prevent bureaucrats from landing post-retirement jobs in the industry they once supervised. It is understandable that the government is considering extending bureaucrats' mandatory retirement age, eliminating the established custom of career bureaucrats retiring before reaching the mandatory retirement age and creating a system to reappoint retired officials as part of a review of the government's personnel management. However, as long as the government has declared that it will ban bureaucrats from obtaining post-retirement jobs in the private sector, it should pledge to eventually abolish the Kanmin Jinzai Koryu Center (public-private personnel exchange center), which has been established as the sole body to introduce post-retirement jobs to bureaucrats.

 一方で、さらに踏み込むべきは、天下りへの対処だ。定年延長に加え、定年を待たずにキャリア官僚が退職する慣行の是正、再任用制度の創設など人事体系を見直す方向性は理解できる。しかし「根絶」を掲げるのであれば、あっせんを一元化するために発足させた「官民人材交流センター」の将来的廃止に踏み込むことがやはり筋だろう。

Prime Minister Taro Aso, who had initially appeared unenthusiastic about reforming the public servant system, appears to be changing. He has declared that the government will not allow retired bureaucrats to land post-retirement jobs under a practice called "watari." Moreover, he pledged to work out government regulations to ban ministries from introducing post-retirement jobs to bureaucrats within this year, earlier than originally scheduled.

 公務員改革へ熱意が見えなかった麻生太郎首相の姿勢にも変化が見えつつある。官僚OBが天下りを繰り返す「渡り」を認めない方針を表明、天下りや「渡り」の各省によるあっせんの廃止を年内に前倒しする政令制定にも踏み込んだ。

It should be recognized as a step forward even though Aso did it in response to criticism from both ruling and opposition parties that he was lenient toward bureaucrats.

与野党から「官僚寄り」との批判が出たことを意識しての転身だとしても、消極姿勢を改めるのであれば前進だ。

The largest opposition Democratic Party of Japan is also responsible for helping pass the fundamental law on national public service system reform. Therefore, it cannot win understanding from the public if it only opposes the schedule of reforming the public servant system announced by the government. If it disapproves the government's plan, it should present its own vision on reforming the system. It should compete with the ruling Liberal Democratic Party over their reform plans during the upcoming House of Representatives election.

 民主党も、与党とともに基本法を成立させた責任がある。単純に工程表に反対するだけでは国民の理解は得られまい。政府案に同調しないのであれば、同党が掲げる制度改革像を早急に具体化してほしい。そして、来る衆院選で構想を競うべきである。

毎日新聞 200924日 009

|

« 沿岸捕鯨再開 IWC案を生かさぬ手はない | トップページ | 保有株買い取り―銀行は自らも資本増強を »

02-英字新聞(毎日)」カテゴリの記事

コメント

コメントを書く



(ウェブ上には掲載しません)




« 沿岸捕鯨再開 IWC案を生かさぬ手はない | トップページ | 保有株買い取り―銀行は自らも資本増強を »