« 16年夏季五輪:東京落選 南米初、リオ選出 | トップページ | 五輪東京落選 「南米で初」には勝てなかった »

2009年10月 3日 (土)


--The Asahi Shimbun, Oct. 2(IHT/Asahi: October 3,2009)
EDITORIAL: China's 60th anniversary

China celebrated the 60th anniversary of its communist revolution on Thursday.

"Today, a socialist China geared to modernization, the world and the future has stood rock-firm in the East of the world," Chinese President Hu Jintao proclaimed in his speech delivered from the Tiananmen Rostrum, which was used by Mao Tse-tung to declare a new era for China.
Addressing an estimated 200,000 people in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, Hu also said, "Only socialism can save China and only reform and opening up can ensure the development of China."
Hu reviewed his troops in the nation's first military parade in 10 years. He wore the kind of black high-collared jacket favored by Sun Yat-sen, an indication of his pride as China's fourth-generation leader following Mao, Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin.

The parade was a triumphant display of China's military power, showcasing the nation's state-of-the-art weapons, including the Dongfeng 31A intercontinental ballistic missile, whose range is believed to cover the entire United States, and the Jian-11, a fighter jet based on Russia's Sukhoi Su-27.

China has experienced periods of great upheaval during the past 60 years, such as the disastrous Great Leap Forward that caused a huge number of deaths--tens of millions according to an estimate--because of reckless plans for raising production. Another bleak period was the Cultural Revolution. China then embarked on a path of reform and opening-up. This major policy shift occurred about three decades ago.

Now, China is about to overtake Japan to become the world's second-largest economy. It is recovering from the global recession, ahead of all other major economies, thanks to a series of bold economic measures taken by Beijing. China appears to be focusing on a single-minded quest to create a prosperous country with a strong army.

The world is moving from the unipolar dominance by the United States to a multipolar order. The U.S., Japanese and European economies are all closely linked to the Chinese market, which is rapidly expanding its presence.

On the other hand, the world is increasingly worried about China's rapid military buildup. This is a reality with serious security implications for Japan, too. Beijing's aggressive strategy for securing energy and other resources is causing conflict in many parts of the world.

But China is also showing a willingness to fulfill its responsibility as a major power.

At a recent series of United Nations conferences and the Group of 20 summit, Hu emphasized China's commitment to international cooperation. Hu promised to incorporate policy responses to climate change into the government's development plan and take powerful measures. He also pledged that China will not join the nuclear arms race and said it will work to promote the international nuclear arms reduction process.

But there is a stunning gap between the nation's confident way of behaving in the international arena and the unsettled conditions at home.

There seems to be no end to abuse of authority and corruption among party members going after the spoils of economic growth. While disputes over back pay and land expropriation are rife, the country's dysfunctional judicial and administrative systems are unable to deal with them effectively.

The situation has led to violent clashes.

Ethnic disturbances in the Xinjang Uighur Autonomous Region and the Tibet Autonomous Region are showing no signs of subsiding. The response by Chinese authorities was only to crack down harder on ethnic protests in these regions under the pretext of defense against terrorism.

China's National Day celebrations took place in an unsettled context. The government shut out the general public from the celebration ceremony and strictly limited public access to buildings and hotels near the ceremony site. The strict security reflects deepening contradictions in Chinese society.

What China should make clear to audiences both at home and abroad is that it is governed by the rule of law and seeks to create a harmonious society where people are valued. China will become a country that can share with its neighbors a convincing vision for an East Asian Community if it makes progress in that direction.


« 16年夏季五輪:東京落選 南米初、リオ選出 | トップページ | 五輪東京落選 「南米で初」には勝てなかった »





« 16年夏季五輪:東京落選 南米初、リオ選出 | トップページ | 五輪東京落選 「南米で初」には勝てなかった »