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2009年11月14日 (土)

日米首脳会談 同盟深化へ「普天間」の決着急げ

英字新聞紙上でさいきんwhatever it (verb)の構文をよくみかけるが文法的に理解できない。
whatever which/that (verb)
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We urge Hatoyama to give serious consideration once again to the significance of the Japan-U.S. alliance and do whatever it takes to solve the Futenma relocation problem.

We urge Hatoyama to give serious consideration once again to the significance of the Japan-U.S. alliance and do whatever which (that) takes to solve the Futenma relocation problem.

We urge Hatoyama to give serious consideration once again to the significance of the Japan-U.S. alliance and do whatever  takes to solve the Futenma relocation problem.

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Nov. 14, 2009)
Settle Futenma issue to deepen alliance
日米首脳会談 同盟深化へ「普天間」の決着急げ(11月14日付・読売社説)

Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama and visiting U.S. President Barack Obama on Friday agreed to begin talks to deepen the Japan-U.S. alliance in a multilayered way next year, which will mark the 50th anniversary of the revision of the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty.

This agreement to deepen the alliance means Tokyo and Washington cannot continue to shy away from discussing the planned relocation of the U.S. Marine Corps' Futenma Air Station in Ginowan, Okinawa Prefecture. The government should not simply allow this issue to fester, but decide to implement the current plan and settle the issue by the end of this year.

The bilateral treaty is based on an interdependent relationship in which Japan allows U.S. forces to be stationed here in return for a commitment to defend this country.

Japan was a member of the Western bloc during the period of confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. After the Cold War, Japan sought to contribute to peace in Asia and the rest of the world through the Japan-U.S. alliance. Japan's economic growth during this period depended largely on Japan-U.S. cooperation in a wide variety of fields, again based on the alliance.

Reinforcement of the Japan-U.S. alliance will serve Japan's national interests in the future--just as it has in the past.


Agreements reached

Hatoyama and Obama also announced written agreements on measures to tackle global warming--which included efforts by both countries to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases by 80 percent by 2050--and on working with each other to realize "a world without nuclear weapons."

Global issues such as the environment and nuclear nonproliferation are the policy areas on which Tokyo and Washington are working most closely at present.
We hope their close ties in these fields can produce concrete results.

The agreements at the latest Japan-U.S. summit meeting should not end up as mere diplomatic lip service. Further efforts will be needed to continue cooperation between Japan and the United States in a wide variety of fields.

How should Japan and the United States cooperate and act to maintain global stability and prosperity? Both countries will need to exchange ideas thoughtfully and deepen their strategic discussions.

Obama is expected to visit Japan again next autumn to attend the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum summit meeting scheduled to be held in Yokohama. This will be a golden opportunity to compile the results of the strategic talks into a new joint document that will succeed the 1996 joint declaration on security.

The two sides staged amicable summit talks in Tokyo on Friday, with both agreeing that Obama's visit to Japan could not be allowed to be viewed as a failure.

However, it is undeniable that Japan-U.S. relations have been strained in recent times. Hatoyama's inability to quickly settle the Futenma base relocation issue has been the biggest destablilizing factor on bilateral ties.


Group must achieve results

The two governments have agreed to set up a ministerial-level working group to intensively discuss this issue. But the working group should not be used as an excuse to keep kicking this can down the road.

In their talks, the two leaders agreed to reach an early conclusion at the working group. "I understand it will become more difficult to resolve the issue the longer we wait," Hatoyama told Obama during their talks.
We hope the working group, which will start discussions next week, will reach an early conclusion as the two leaders agreed.

Many observers believe that if the issue remains unsettled by the end of the year, the current plan to relocate the Futenma airfield to Nago, Okinawa Prefecture, will effectively be deadlocked.

If the cost of the relocation is not earmarked in the fiscal 2010 budget to be compiled at the year-end, momentum to realize the plan will be lost in both Japan and the United States.

This will also raise the prospects that the U.S. Congress will slash the budget for relocating 8,000 U.S. marines stationed in Okinawa Prefecture to Guam.

An increasing number of people in Okinawa Prefecture are calling for Futenma Air Station to be moved outside the prefecture. This change in local sentiment has been aroused by Hatoyama's unwillingness to rule out such an option, saying it is necessary to respect the "consensus of the people in the prefecture." However, Hatoyama has not presented any concrete proposal to resolve this issue.

A Nago mayoral election is scheduled for January. If the incumbent mayor, who supports the present relocation plan, loses in the election, it could derail the Futenma relocation project.

It is essential to prevent the result of one mayoral election from having serious ramifications on the security of the entire nation.

Hatoyama must respect the agreement with Obama and urgently make a decision on this issue--a task he should complete as the head of the government.


National security at stake

The original purpose of realigning U.S. forces stationed in Japan was to maintain the U.S. deterrent while, at the same time, lessening the burden shouldered by municipalities and residents hosting U.S. bases. We think the Hatoyama government should go back to the drawing board and rectify its policies that give excessive consideration to reducing the burdens on local communities.

Japan currently faces the most serious security situation in recent years: North Korea is relentlessly pursuing nuclear and missile development programs, China is rapidly building up its military and threats from international terrorists are becoming ever greater.
The presence of U.S. forces in Japan has served as a powerful deterrent against all manner of contingencies. It is important to face up to this reality.

The United States provides Japan with intelligence when North Korea is preparing to launch ballistic missiles or when it detects suspicious troop movements on the Korean Peninsula, for example. This information is not provided just because of the joint security treaty.

Japan and the United States have forged a relationship of trust through ceaseless efforts over many years, such as bilateral defense cooperation and expanded international peacekeeping activities by the Self-Defense Forces.

We urge Hatoyama to give serious consideration once again to the significance of the Japan-U.S. alliance and do whatever it takes to solve the Futenma relocation problem.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Nov. 14, 2009)
(2009年11月14日01時11分  読売新聞)


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