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2010年6月 1日 (火)

厚労省調査:「女は家庭」派の妻増加 20代中心に変化

(Mainichi Japan) June 1, 2010
More Japanese women think wives should stay at home to focus on housework, childcare
厚労省調査:「女は家庭」派の妻増加 20代中心に変化

More young married Japanese women believe that wives should focus on domestic affairs and child rearing while husbands should earn a living, a national survey has revealed.
 「夫は外で働き、妻は主婦業に専念すべきだ」「母親は育児に専念した方がよい」といった伝統的価値観に賛成する既婚女性の割合が、これまでの低下傾向から一転し、20代を中心に増加していることが31日、厚生労働省の国立社会保障・人口問題研究所の「第4回全国家庭動向調査」で分かった。

The survey -- which is carried out every five years by the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry's National Institute of Population and Social Security Research -- was the fourth of its kind and was conducted on some 13,000 households nationwide in July 2008, with about 6,870 married women under 70 years old responding.
 調査は5年ごとで、今回は2008年7月に全国の約1万3000世帯を対象に実施。回答が得られた69歳までの結婚している女性6870人を分析した。

The results indicated that about 45 percent of respondents believe that "husbands should work outside and wives stay home and focus on housework and childcare."
It is the first time in the past 15 years that the number of married females who support the nation's traditional values of wives' roles in marriage has increased. About 53.6 percent of the respondents supported the idea in the first survey conducted in 1993, but the figure continued to decline, down to 41.1 percent in the previous survey in 2003.
 調査結果によると、「夫は外で働き、妻は主婦業に専念すべきだ」に賛成は全体で45%で、1993年の第1回調査時(53.6%)から前回の03年調査(41.1%)まで続いていた減少が初めて増加に転じた。

By age, 47.9 percent of those aged under 30 years old said they believe women should stay home as full-time moms, a substantial increase of 12.2 points from the previous survey, and 41.7 percent of those in their 30s and 39.8 percent of those in their 40s offered the same view, up 7.6 points and 6.6 points, respectively.
 年齢別では、29歳以下が47.9%で前回調査より12.2ポイントの大幅上昇。30代が7.6ポイント上昇の41.7%、40代も6.6ポイント上昇の39.8%。

Meanwhile, the figure continued to decline among older generations, with 42.3 percent of married women in their 50s and 57.2 percent of those in their 60s answering that they are in favor of the idea of wives staying home to raise children, down 2.5 points and 4 points from the previous survey, respectively.
一方、50代は2.5ポイント低下の42.3%、60代は4ポイント低下の57.2%と低下傾向が続いたまま。

By occupation, the number of married women who believe wives should stay home was the highest among full-time housewives, at 55.3 percent.
 妻の就業形態別の賛成割合は専業主婦が55.3%で最も高い。

毎日新聞 2010年5月31日 18時16分(最終更新 5月31日 18時31分)

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