« タイとフィリピンどちらがパラダイス? | トップページ | 著作権の制限 知的財産は厳格に守るべきだ »

2010年7月 6日 (火)

雇用対策 意欲ある若者や女性に仕事を

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jul. 6, 2010)
Job security essential for growth strategy
雇用対策 意欲ある若者や女性に仕事を(7月5日付・読売社説)

The growth of the elderly population and contraction of the working-age population of people aged 15 to 64 are progressing at an alarming pace.

To boost domestic consumption and ensure sustainable economic growth, society must enable young people and women who are keen to work to do so--and under fair conditions, including regarding payment.

The employment situation is still grim, with the jobless rate staying stubbornly around the 5 percent level.

Faced with ferocious competition and intense price wars, many companies have opted not to increase their number of regular workers, but instead to hire nonregular workers and pile more overtime work on regular workers. This trend has become prevalent in various industries.

Given the seriousness of the situation, it is natural that political parties--in their campaign platforms for the forthcoming House of Councillors election--have devised growth strategies aimed at creating jobs.

The Democratic Party of Japan aims to pursue a "third way" that does not center on public works projects nor lean too far toward overly free market principles. In concrete terms, the ruling party plans to create about 5 million new jobs in the coming decade by resolving pressing issues, thereby generating economic growth.


Fresh perspective lacking

The DPJ plans to increase employment in the environment/energy and medical/nursing care fields. However, this policy is nothing new. It echoes many measures churned out by Liberal Democratic Party-led administrations whenever an employment crisis loomed.

The DPJ has failed to spell out a clear path to growth. The party has worked out measures to be implemented in the current and next fiscal years, but this will not be enough. The DPJ should explain more precisely the job creation effect each measure will bring for each fiscal year, as well as how the measures will be funded.

The government's growth strategy includes a goal of raising the nation's lowest minimum hourly wage to 800 yen as quickly as possible, thereby boosting the national average minimum hourly wage to 1,000 yen. These are lofty targets when considering that the lowest hourly wage is currently 629 yen and the national average 713 yen.

In some regions, people on the minimum wage earn less than people receiving welfare benefits. With the number of nonregular workers increasing, the minimum wage needs to be raised. But if a minimum wage increase is introduced without due consideration of the conditions in different regions and industries, the additional costs could hurt employers to the extent that the workers lose their jobs.


Drop dispatch law revision

Only through harnessing growth industries and overhauling its industrial structure can this nation come close to attaining the goals laid out by the government.

A bill to revise the Worker Dispatch Law, which would prohibit temporary workers in the manufacturing industry, has been carried over to the next Diet session from the ordinary session that ended in mid-June. However, we suggest the revision be called off altogether. Introducing such a ban could spell disaster for many workers. If the dispatch ban deals a blow to the management of small and midsize companies, the damage could be irreparable.

The government must craft economic measures by looking more squarely at the circumstances of each industry. The government and industrial circles should work in concert to improve the quantity and quality of jobs available.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, July 5, 2010)
(2010年7月5日01時35分  読売新聞)


« タイとフィリピンどちらがパラダイス? | トップページ | 著作権の制限 知的財産は厳格に守るべきだ »





« タイとフィリピンどちらがパラダイス? | トップページ | 著作権の制限 知的財産は厳格に守るべきだ »