« アメジスト香港の「ランドバンキング投資」無料セミナー | トップページ | スラチャイのタイ語教室 »

2011年10月 5日 (水)

ミャンマー改革 民主化の前進を後押ししたい

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Oct. 4, 2011)
Myanmar's democratization efforts deserve support
ミャンマー改革 民主化の前進を後押ししたい(10月3日付・読売社説)

President Thein Sein of the new administration of Myanmar, which has shifted to civilian control after 22 years of rule by a military junta, has launched an extensive reform drive in politics, the economy and other fields.

We hope he will be able to achieve stability and democratization for his country.

The president began with a dialogue with government opponents, called for peace with ethnic minority guerrilla groups and took a stance of welcoming exiles home.

He is believed to recognize the importance of national reconciliation for the sake of political stability.

He released political prisoners, albeit in small numbers, in May.

He had his first meeting with pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who was released from house arrest last autumn, in the capital city of Napyidaw in August.

The president approved a pro-democracy rally of about 100 people in Yangon, the country's biggest city, on Sept. 26, the fourth anniversary of the junta's crackdown on 2007 antigovernment demonstrations.


Reform drive far-reaching

Since its inauguration this spring, the new Myanmar administration has relaxed its censorship of political articles in newspapers and magazines and dramatically reduced Internet restrictions.

This made it possible, at least in Napyidaw and Yangon, to access Internet services including video-sharing sites, which was impossible under the junta rule.

These changes could not be imagined under military rule.

We hope for the further promotion of freedom of speech.

As for the country's economic reform drive, legislative steps are being prepared to promote a foreign exchange system and introduce foreign capital.

Behind such moves is the fact that the new administration has put itself forward as a candidate to chair the Association of Southeast Asian Nations in 2014.

Myanmar aims to strengthen its position in ASEAN by emphasizing its promotion of reform.

The country seeks to realize the lifting of economic sanctions imposed by the United States and European countries as a step toward reconstructing its economy.

China, which deepened relations with Myanmar during junta rule, has been ramping up its economic influence over the country.

A railway construction project is likely to start before the end of this year, following those already under way to build oil and natural gas pipelines linking the two countries.


Great potential

With a population of about 50 million people and rich natural resources, Myanmar has great potential.

If democratization progresses in the country, it will become possible to lure foreign capital and promote trade.

This is expected to bring about a virtuous circle of improving people's livelihoods and supporting regional stability.

Taking note of Myanmar's potential, the United States, which took a stern stance against the junta, began to move toward improving bilateral relations.

In September, a U.S. government special envoy visited Myanmar, and Myanmar's foreign minister visited Washington.

Japan, for its part, has resumed official development assistance to Myanmar.

And an increasing number of Japanese firms have been sending inspection missions to the country.

Japan must provide further support to help the country establish a market economy, to say nothing of promoting democratization.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Oct. 3, 2011)
(2011年10月3日01時12分  読売新聞)


« アメジスト香港の「ランドバンキング投資」無料セミナー | トップページ | スラチャイのタイ語教室 »





« アメジスト香港の「ランドバンキング投資」無料セミナー | トップページ | スラチャイのタイ語教室 »