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2012年9月 4日 (火)

大学生と就職 学んだ成果も評価する採用に

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Sep. 4, 2012)
Assess academic results when hiring graduates
大学生と就職 学んだ成果も評価する採用に(9月3日付・読売社説)

Do recent survey findings suggest the title of "university graduate" will no longer assure a recent graduate of a job?

According to a basic survey on schools taken recently by the Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Ministry, 128,000 of those who graduated from universities this spring have not found steady employment.

This means about 20 percent of university graduates--560,000 in all, including 76,000 who went on to graduate school--have either taken a nonregular or part-time job, or have yet to decide on their future.

It is quite natural for the education ministry to be concerned, saying, "This is an extremely serious situation that needs to be rectified."

The job market continues to be dismal amid the prolonged stagnant economy. On the other hand, there is a strong tendency among students to try to secure employment in a well-known company. As a result, there remains the problem of a mismatch between graduating students and the small and midsize companies hoping to hire them.

Many students who apparently failed to secure a position gave up their job-hunting activities halfway through the recruiting season.


Universities must help more

We hope all universities and colleges vigorously continue extending support for and offering advice on job-hunting activities by utilizing counters set up by the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry in Hello Work job placement offices to help new graduates find jobs.

It should also be kept in mind that universities need to help students acquire skills and competence for the real world during their four-year education.

The Central Council for Education has compiled a report calling for an increase in the number of study hours for students, as part of university reform.

The council has pointed out that university students study for an average of 4.6 hours daily, including class hours. This is only about half of the study hours the education ministry expected.

As long as students attend classes only passively, it will be difficult for them to acquire either the thinking skills to tackle various problems, or the creative skills to develop innovative technology, both of which are necessary in the real world.


Update curricula, methods

It is quite reasonable for the business community, which will hire these graduates, to be skeptical of the current state of university education.

The council also recommends universities increase interactive, discussion-based classes, rather than having one-way lectures in large classrooms, while working on comprehensive syllabus planning to stimulate students' intellectual curiosity.

Universities have to improve their quality of education by carrying out these recommendations.

Universities need to clearly indicate their criteria for scholastic evaluation, and strictly certify students' qualifications and ability to advance to the next grade or graduate.

It is also essential for the business community to make its own efforts.

Presently, many businesses do not give weight to students' academic performance or their specialities when hiring graduates.

If they assess these elements more thoroughly when recruiting, students would probably be more motivated to study hard while in college.

As students often have to spend a lot of time job-hunting and visiting prospective employers, they tend to neglect their studies.

To correct the current situation, it is also necessary to shorten companies' job-hunting period for graduating students.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Sept. 3, 2012)
(2012年9月3日01時17分  読売新聞)


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