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2012年11月29日 (木)

民主党政権公約 「現実化」と具体策を聞きたい

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Nov. 29, 2012)
DPJ's manifesto lacks realistic visions, policies
民主党政権公約 「現実化」と具体策を聞きたい(11月28日付・読売社説)

The Democratic Party of Japan must have spent time and effort on a sweeping review of its manifesto for the 2009 general election, which came in for severe public criticism. But will the contents of the new manifesto be applauded by the people?
 厳しい批判を招いた政権公約(マニフェスト)の見直しだけに、時間と労力をかけたのは確かだが、この内容で国民に評価されるだろうか。

The DPJ has finally come up with the new manifesto for next month's House of Representatives election.
 民主党が衆院選マニフェストを発表した。

The campaign platform unveiled by the DPJ lists five areas as policy priorities: social security, economy, energy, diplomacy and national security, and political reform.
社会保障、経済、エネルギー、外交・安全保障、政治改革の5項目を重点政策として掲げている。

Reflecting on the failure of the previous manifesto, which was filled with unrealistic campaign pledges, including somehow squeezing out 16.8 trillion yen in fiscal resources, the party kept mentions of numerical targets and deadlines to a minimum. This is natural. But the new manifesto still contains many policy goals with slim chances of being achieved.
 年16・8兆円の財源捻出など、非現実的な目標を満載した2009年マニフェストの破綻の反省を踏まえて、数値目標や達成期限の明示を最小限に抑えたのは当然である。しかし、まだ現実化路線が不十分な点も少なくない。

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Pension folly persists

On social security, the new manifesto, like the previous one, calls for establishing a minimum pension payment system and abolishing the special medical insurance system for people aged 75 or older. Concerning the minimum pension idea, the DPJ stopped short of mentioning a "monthly payment of 70,000 yen." But the party estimates that an additional consumption tax increase of up to 6.2 percentage points would be required to guarantee this amount of minimum monthly pension payments.
 社会保障では、前回同様、最低保障年金の創設や後期高齢者医療制度の廃止を明記した。最低保障年金では「月7万円」との記載は見送ったものの、それには最大6・2%もの消費税の追加増税が必要と民主党が試算している。

The party says the minimum pension payment will be decided after discussions by a planned national conference on social security system reform. But it is obvious that the policy lacks realism at a time when restraints on welfare benefits are increasingly called for amid the aging of the population combined with the nation's chronically low birthrate.
 「社会保障制度改革国民会議の議論を経た上」としているが、少子高齢化に伴い、社会保障費全体の給付抑制が課題となる中、実現性が乏しいのは明らかだ。

Regarding energy policy, it is irresponsible for the party to adhere to a policy of ending reliance on nuclear power generation in the 2030s, which has been put forth by the administration of Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda.
 野田政権の政策を踏襲した「2030年代の原発稼働ゼロ」方針も、責任ある対応ではない。

The manifesto lists various measures to achieve the zero nuclear option, including a review of the nuclear fuel cycle, maintenance of human resources and technology, international cooperation and the dramatic spread of renewable energy. But the manifesto stops short of presenting concrete measures and road maps to realize these policy targets.
 核燃料サイクルの見直し、人材・技術の維持、国際連携、再生可能エネルギーの飛躍的普及など、様々な課題を列挙しただけで、どう実現するのか、肝心の具体策と道筋を提示していない。

Such a manifesto is tantamount to a campaign pledge backed by no fiscal resources. As such, it lacks power to win over the voters.
 これでは、財源の裏付けがない事業の公約と同じだ。有権者に対して説得力を欠いている。

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A retreat on TPP issue

On the issue of Japan's participation in Trans-Pacific Partnership free trade negotiations, the DPJ avoided presenting a clear stance.
 一方で、踏み込み不足になったのが、環太平洋経済連携協定(TPP)の参加問題である。

Its campaign pledge only mentions that the government will judge whether to join the TPP talks after promoting discussions on the issue together with a tripartite free trade agreement with China and South Korea and a regional comprehensive economic partnership for East Asia.
 公約は、TPPや日中韓自由貿易協定(FTA)、東アジア包括的経済連携(RCEP)を「同時並行的にすすめ、政府が判断する」という表現にとどめた。

In doing so, the manifesto stresses that the government has yet to decide on the matter out of consideration to DPJ peers who are wary of or opposed to TPP entry. This represents a retreat from Noda's policy speech to the Diet in October in which he clearly mentioned a push for entry into the TPP talks.
 党内のTPP慎重・反対派に配慮して、政府方針がまだ最終決定されていないことを強調したものだ。TPPの「推進」を明記した10月の野田首相の所信表明演説と比べても、後退している。

It is also problematic that the manifesto was decided in line with the intentions of a small number of party leaders, something it has in common with the previous campaign platform, the compilation of which was led by former DPJ President Ichiro Ozawa. But the party's failure to present a TPP policy along the lines desired by Noda even after extensive intraparty discussions on the matter inevitably makes us feel uneasy about the DPJ as a ruling party.
 前回のように小沢一郎元代表ら一部の意思で公約が決まるのも問題だが、今回、幅広い党内論議の結果、首相が望む方向でTPPの結論を出せなかったことには、政権党として不安を禁じ得ない。

On diplomacy and security issues, the DPJ's manifesto consists of abstract arguments from beginning to end, including rhetoric about "deepening the Japan-U.S. alliance."
 外交・安保も、「日米同盟の深化」といった抽象論に終始した。

If the manifesto is left as it is without mentioning concrete visions such as enabling Japan to exercise its right to collective self-defense--as mentioned in the Liberal Democratic Party's campaign platform--and revision of Japan-U.S. defense cooperation guidelines, it is nothing but pie in the sky.
自民党公約にある集団的自衛権の行使容認、日米防衛協力指針の改定などの具体論がないままでは、同盟深化は画餅にすぎない。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Nov. 28, 2012)
(2012年11月28日01時23分  読売新聞)

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