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2012年11月13日 (火)

民主党政権公約 原発ゼロでは反省に値しない

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Nov. 13, 2012)
'Zero nuclear power policy' has no place in DPJ's manifesto
民主党政権公約 原発ゼロでは反省に値しない(11月11日付・読売社説)

The Democratic Party of Japan at long last has uttered words of self-reflection over its manifesto for the 2009 House of Representatives election.
 民主党が、2009年衆院選の政権公約(マニフェスト)についてようやくこう反省した。

The party said, "We were arrogant to believe we could do everything if we came to power and immature as we didn't realize the severity of steering the government."
 「政権を取れば何でもできるという傲慢さ、政権運営の厳しさを知らない未熟さがありました」

This humble stance marked an about-face from its past position. This change appears to reflect its concern over the uphill battle it faces in the next lower house election.
 打って変わったような低姿勢ぶりである。次期衆院選を戦えないとの危機感があるからだろう。

The party held meetings in Osaka and Fukuoka on Saturday to report on its self-examination of the manifesto. "While reflecting on it, we want to put together a more realistic manifesto that can be carried out as promised," Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda said.
 民主党は10日、大阪と福岡でマニフェストの検証結果を報告するための集会を開いた。野田首相は「反省しながら、より現実感のある、約束を守れるものを作り上げたい」と語った。

The party plans to hold similar meetings in nine other locations across the country until Sunday.
18日まで全国計11か所で展開する方針だ。

The items listed in the party's campaign platform for the 2009 general election were nothing short of slapdash. They included a handout of child-rearing allowances, abolition of the temporary gasoline tax rate, making highways toll-free and securing 16.8 trillion yen in fiscal resources by eliminating wasteful spending. The party had insisted on steadily realizing the manifesto pledges, rather than examine them for shortcomings.
 子ども手当やガソリン税の暫定税率廃止、高速道路無料化、16・8兆円の財源確保など、マニフェストのずさんさは、次々と明らかになった。だが、民主党は「マニフェストの着実な実現」を掲げ続け、見直そうとしなかった。

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Change comes too late

With the dissolution of the lower house for a general election close at hand, the party decided to make a fresh start after reflecting on the manifesto. But it comes too late. Its self-reflection meetings across the country may be considered an election campaign in the guise of an "apology tour."
 それを衆院解散を目前にして反省し、出直すというのは遅きに失している。“おわび行脚”の名を借りた選挙運動と言えよう。

Of concern is whether the DPJ can make the most of its experience as a ruling party in formulating a manifesto for the forthcoming election.
 問題は、民主党が与党の経験を新たなマニフェストの作成に生かせるかどうかである。

Noda told reporters accompanying him on his inspection tour of Fukuoka on Saturday the party is considering the inclusion of an official bid to participate in the Trans-Pacific Partnership free trade framework in the new manifesto.
 野田首相は、視察先の福岡市内で記者団に環太平洋経済連携協定(TPP)への対応をマニフェストに書き込む意向を示した。

Participation in the TPP is indispensable for Japan if this country hopes to open up future prospects through free trade. We think the party should clearly mention in the manifesto that Japan will officially apply to join the TPP negotiations.
 日本が自由貿易の拡大によって将来の活路を開くためには、TPPへの参加は欠かせない。交渉参加を正式に表明し、マニフェストでも明確に説明すべきだ。

Seiji Maehara, state minister for national policy, said he favored Japan's entry in the TPP and it "should be made a major DPJ campaign pledge" in the forthcoming election. TPP entry will become a bone of contention in its election campaign against the Liberal Democratic Party, which takes a cautious view on the subject.
 前原国家戦略相がTPP参加に賛意を示し、「民主党の公約として掲げて争点化すべきだ」と言うように、TPPに慎重な自民党との対立軸の一つになろう。

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Break with previous mind-set

The DPJ, however, has yet to break with the mind-set it had as an opposition party when it comes to energy policy.
 一方で、「野党のマニフェスト」から脱皮できていないのが、エネルギー政策である。

The party said its manifesto would incorporate a policy to end reliance on nuclear power generation in the 2030s. How will the party secure alternate energy if it does this? No solutions have been offered in regard to such pending issues as increases in utility rates caused by the zero nuclear policy, continuing industrial hollowing-out and the brain drain of nuclear engineers heading overseas.
 30年代に「原発稼働ゼロ」を目指す方針を盛り込むというが、代替エネルギーを一体どう確保するのか。脱原発政策に伴う電気料金の値上げや産業空洞化の進行、原子力を担う人材の流出といった懸案にも解決の糸口が見えない。

If the DPJ only continues to emphasize the zero nuclear policy, its irresponsibility will be similar to that seen in the previous manifesto. Its policy, it can be said, is unrealistic compared with that of the LDP, which calls for utilizing nuclear energy for the time being.
 原発ゼロだけでは、前回と同様無責任である。原発を当面は活用する、とする自民党と比べて現実的ではないと言える。

Regardless of the results of the next lower house election, a divided Diet will continue until next summer when a House of Councillors election is scheduled. No party will be able to realize its policy goals without the cooperation of other parties. It will be meaningless to make campaign pledges on the numerical targets of policies and timetables for their implementation without considering cooperation with other parties.
 衆院選の結果がどうであれ、来夏までは衆参のねじれが続く。どの党も、他党の協力なしに政策は実現しない。他党との連携を考えずに政策の数値目標、期限を公約するのは、意味がないだろう。

The parties should compile manifestos with realistic points of contention.
 現実を踏まえた争点作りが問われている。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Nov. 11, 2012)
(2012年11月11日01時19分  読売新聞)

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