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2013年1月12日 (土)

安保政策見直し 「動的防衛力」構想は推進せよ

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jan. 12, 2013)
Abe Cabinet must promote 'dynamic defense' concept
安保政策見直し 「動的防衛力」構想は推進せよ(1月11日付・読売社説)

Improving and expanding the Self-Defense Forces' equipment and structure is an urgent task, but it should be remembered that this must be done based on the principle of "choice and concentration," which calls for choosing a field of priority and concentrating on it.
 自衛隊の装備と体制の拡充は急務だが、重点分野を決めて、「選択と集中」を徹底することを怠ってはなるまい。

The Abe Cabinet has set forth a policy of reexamining the National Defense Program Guidelines and the five-year defense buildup program for fiscal 2011 to 2015, which were formulated by the government under the Democratic Party of Japan. The Abe administration aims to work out new defense guidelines and a midterm defense program by the end of this year.
 安倍内閣が、民主党政権下で策定した「防衛計画の大綱」と中期防衛力整備計画(2011~15年度)を見直す方針を打ち出した。新しい大綱と中期防の年末の決定を目指す。

In view of repeated intrusions into Japanese territorial waters and airspace by Chinese government-operated ships and aircraft, the Abe administration will try to bolster Japan's defense capabilities.
 沖縄・尖閣諸島周辺での中国の政府船や航空機による相次ぐ領海・領空侵犯などを踏まえ、領土を守る体制の強化を図るものだ。

Security conditions surrounding Japan have become increasingly tense, as China has been rapidly strengthening and modernizing its military and expanding its maritime activities while North Korea has been promoting nuclear development programs and fired a ballistic missile last month.
 中国の急速な軍備増強・近代化や海洋進出、北朝鮮の核開発・ミサイル発射など、日本の安全保障環境は厳しさを増している。

In addition to China and North Korea, the United States and Japan's neighboring nations such as South Korea and Russia have been increasing their defense spending. Japan's defense budget, on the other hand, declined for 10 consecutive years. It is laudable that the Abe administration is trying to reverse the trend. It is urgent to correct the present situation, in which Japan cannot afford to repair the ships and aircraft it needs for its defense.
 中朝に加え、米国、韓国、ロシアなど周辺国が国防費を伸ばす中、日本だけが10年連続で防衛費を漫然と減らしてきた状況の転換を図ろうとすることは評価できる。艦船や航空機の修理もままならない現状は、早急に改善すべきだ。

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Boost surveillance capability

It is crucial to bolster the defense system in southwestern Japan, including the Senkaku Islands. The surveillance activities of the Maritime Self-Defense Force and the Air Self-Defense Force must be upgraded both qualitatively and quantitatively. The number of SDF ships and aircraft has been reduced considerably since the end of the Cold War. It is essential to halt and reverse this trend.
 重要なのは、尖閣諸島を含む南西方面の防衛体制を強化することだ。海上・航空自衛隊の警戒監視活動を質・量とも充実させねばならない。冷戦終結後の艦船や航空機の大幅な数量削減に歯止めをかけ、反転させることが重要だ。

In addition to the U.S. high-altitude unmanned surveillance aircraft Global Hawk, which has superior intelligence-gathering capabilities, we suggest that the government consider acquiring the new U.S. transport aircraft Osprey, some of which were deployed last year by the U.S. military in Okinawa Prefecture.
 優れた情報収集能力を持つ高高度無人偵察機グローバルホークに加え、在沖縄米軍が昨年配備した新型輸送機オスプレイの導入も、前向きに検討してはどうか。

The Osprey's high transport capacity and extensive operational capabilities are said to be well suited to the defense of remote islands, such as the Nansei Islands.
 オスプレイの高い輸送力や機動力は、南西諸島などの離島防衛に大きな威力を発揮しよう。

It will be vital to strengthen ties between the SDF and the U.S. military by reviewing the Japan-U.S. Defense Cooperation Guidelines as well as to establish a Japanese version of the National Security Council that will serve as the control tower of diplomacy and security policy. These are top-priority challenges.
 日米防衛協力指針(ガイドライン)見直しを通じた自衛隊と米軍の連携強化や、外交・安保の司令塔となる国家安全保障会議(日本版NSC)創設も優先課題だ。

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Setting spending priorities

Given the nation's dire fiscal straits, however, the defense budget cannot be allowed to grow limitlessly. While setting priority orders for spending, it will be required to steadily carry out such measures as cutting the number of Ground Self-Defense Force personnel, abolishing and consolidating SDF facilities and enhancing efficiency in equipment procurement.
 一方で、厳しい財政事情を考えれば、防衛予算を野放図に伸ばすことはできない。優先順位を定めて、陸上自衛隊の定数削減、施設の統廃合、装備調達の効率化などは着実に進める必要がある。

The government and the Liberal Democratic Party are reviewing the concept of the "dynamic defense capability" that is the core of the current National Defense Program Guidelines. This review must be called into question.
 政府・自民党が、現大綱の柱である「動的防衛力」構想の見直しを検討しているのは、疑問だ。

The dynamic defense capability represents a concept of national security that attaches importance to capabilities to deal with various situations and the display of deterrent power by engaging defense force units in such activities as warning and surveillance operations and training. Designed to replace the previous concept of "fundamental defense" that regards the possession of equipment and the existence of defense personnel as a deterrent, the concept of dynamic defense capability sets the right direction.
 動的防衛力は、多様な事態への対処能力を重視し、警戒監視や訓練など、部隊の運用を通じて抑止力を利かせる概念である。装備の保有や部隊の存在を抑止力とする「基盤的防衛力」構想に代わるもので、その方向性は正しい。

Highly appreciating the dynamic defense concept, the United States has been proceeding with "dynamic defense cooperation" with Japan by conducting joint warning and surveillance operations and training.
 米国も高く評価し、共同の警戒監視活動、訓練など日本との「動的防衛協力」を進めている。

If the Abe Cabinet considers a review of the dynamic defense concept just because it was a brainchild of the DPJ-led administration, it would be an instance of facile thinking.
 民主党政権の構想だから取りあえず見直そう、という発想なら、安易に過ぎよう。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Jan. 11, 2013)
(2013年1月11日01時20分  読売新聞)

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