« メニュー偽装 「誤表示」の強弁は通らない | トップページ | 活字文化の日 図書館を魅力ある知の広場に »

2013年10月27日 (日)

NSC法案 戦略策定強化へ早期成立図れ

The Yomiuri Shimbun October 27, 2013
Govt should pass NSC bill early to beef up national security
NSC法案 戦略策定強化へ早期成立図れ(10月26日付・読売社説)

Amid the increasingly troubled security environment surrounding Japan, it is highly significant to create a headquarters for the nation’s foreign and security policies that will be directly linked to the prime minister.

The Diet has begun deliberations on a bill to establish a Japanese version of the U.S. National Security Council at a plenary session of the House of Representatives.

The government intends to devise its first national security strategy under the envisaged body, as well as a new National Defense Program Guidelines, by the end of the year. Centered on a panel of experts, discussions are also under way to review the government’s constitutional interpretation of the right to collective self-defense.

To strengthen its national security strategy and defense program guidelines, the government needs to accelerate efforts to swiftly pass the bill and develop the scheme for the new security council. We urge the Democratic Party of Japan, which supported the creation of such a body when it was a ruling party, to cooperate for smooth Diet deliberations on the bill.

Under the planned NSC, ministerial meetings are expected to decide basic national security policies and how the government will handle emergencies. Depending on the situation, some meetings would involve four ministers—the prime minister, chief cabinet secretary and foreign and defense ministers—while others would involve these ministers plus five others including the land, infrastructure, transport and tourism minister. Emergency meetings would be called when urgent issues arise.

Relevant ministers hold meetings now when needed. But it is meaningful to have discussions not only on immediate matters, but also on mid- and long-term issues, by making regular ministerial meetings statutory.

It is vital that the prime minister and other Cabinet members have the same views on security issues and reflect those views in specific measures.

Overall coordination needed

The government envisages creating a permanent post of national security adviser to the prime minister and setting up a national security bureau to act as the council’s secretariat, staffed with about 60 people. Compared with the security bureau currently placed under the Cabinet Secretariat, the new council’s secretariat would have greater capacity and functions, with its members likely to include about 10 senior members of the Self-Defense Forces.

Previously, the nation was overly cautious about including SDF officers in such a government body. However, people well-versed in military affairs are essential to effectively deal with emergencies such as a missile launch or an overseas hostage crisis involving Japanese nationals.

The key is to build a system that will enable ministers and bureaucrats to work in unity by removing the vertical administrative structure of relevant entities such as the foreign and defense ministries and police.

Cyber, space and maritime security matters require overall coordination, not just among certain government bodies. The envisaged security council will likely be tested as to whether it can conduct such coordination.

When considering SDF participation in a U.N. peacekeeping mission, the Foreign Ministry is inclined to favor it while the Defense Ministry is cautious. Thus, the two ministries clash at times, and there have been cases in which they apparently gave priority to their respective interests over national interests.

Even after the creation of the national security council, this bureaucratic structure is unlikely to be eliminated soon. However, we hope relevant government bodies will determine measures more swiftly and appropriately by improving communication and sharing common awareness of the issues under the leadership of the Prime Minister’s Office.

Cooperation with other countries is also important. Japan’s national security council should increase its efforts to have regular discussions and share information with its U.S. and British counterparts.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Oct. 26, 2013)
(2013年10月26日01時32分  読売新聞)


« メニュー偽装 「誤表示」の強弁は通らない | トップページ | 活字文化の日 図書館を魅力ある知の広場に »





« メニュー偽装 「誤表示」の強弁は通らない | トップページ | 活字文化の日 図書館を魅力ある知の広場に »