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2014年2月 1日 (土)

都知事選討論会 公約の実現性を競うべきだ

The Yomiuri Shimbun January 31, 2014
Tokyo gubernatorial candidates must focus on policy feasibility
都知事選討論会 公約の実現性を競うべきだ(1月31日付・読売社説)

Progress has been made, at least to some degree, on letting voters know how thoroughly candidates in the ongoing Tokyo gubernatorial election campaign have considered the measures that must be taken to realize their respective pledges.
 公約実現への道筋を、各候補がどこまで具体的に考えているか。それを知るうえで、一定の意義はあったと言えよう。

Four major candidates in the Tokyo contest appeared on an NTV news program Thursday: former Health, Labor and Welfare Minister Yoichi Masuzoe; former Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa; former Japan Federation of Bar Associations President Kenji Utsunomiya; and former Air Self-Defense Force Chief of Staff Toshio Tamogami.
 東京都知事選に立候補している元厚生労働相の舛添要一氏、元首相の細川護熙氏、前日本弁護士連合会長の宇都宮健児氏、元航空幕僚長の田母神俊雄氏の4人が、日本テレビの報道番組に出演した。

It was the first time that the major candidates in the Tokyo race had held a face-to-face debate since the campaign officially kicked off Jan. 23.
 今回、ようやく主要候補が一堂に会した。

The delay in holding a discussion with all the major candidates sitting side by side was due mainly to Hosokawa’s refusal to do so in the days before the poll’s official announcement. Exchanges of views among the candidates on the future of the metropolis are considered extremely useful in providing voters with information on which they can base their decisions.
細川氏が告示前から討論会出席を断ってきたためでもあるが、候補者同士が都の将来像を議論することは、有権者に判断材料を提供しよう。

Regarding the issue of nuclear power plants, Masuzoe said in the TV debate that “all related matters, including both power consumption and supply areas, should be up to central government policy,” while noting that Tokyo should boost the percentage of renewable energy sources it uses.
 原子力発電所問題について、舛添氏は「消費地、供給地の全部合わせて国の政策」としながらも、都の再生可能エネルギーの割合を高めると語った。

Tamogami said, “It is definitely possible to secure a power supply by ensuring the safety of nuclear power plants.”
田母神氏は「原発の安全を確保しながらの電力供給は可能だ」と指摘した。

Both the views of Masuzoe and Tamogami can be deemed realistic.
 いずれも現実的な考え方だ。

Hosokawa and Utsunomiya, both of whom have advocated an immediate break from nuclear power generation, declared emphatically that they, if victorious in the Tokyo poll, would have the metropolitan government exercise its influence to the fullest extent as a shareholder in Tokyo Electric Power Co. to make the elimination of nuclear power generation a reality.
 原発の即時ゼロを掲げる細川氏と宇都宮氏は、その実現のために東京電力の株主としての影響力を行使すると強調した。

The stake the Tokyo metropolitan government has in TEPCO, however, is no more than 1.2 percent of the utility’s outstanding shares. Given this, the argument that Tokyo could wield a decisive influence over the abolition or continuation of the use of nuclear energy is highly questionable.
 だが、東電の発行済み株式総数に占める都の所有分は、1・2%に過ぎない。それなのに原発の存廃を左右できるかのように主張するのは疑問である。

In-depth debate lacking

Hosokawa has made the issue of nuclear power generation the most significant contention of his campaign, on the grounds that “apart from the nuclear power question, other issues facing Tokyo will be dealt with in much the same way regardless of who is elected to the governorship.”
 細川氏は、原発以外は誰が知事になっても変わらないとして、原発を最大の争点に位置づけた。

Securing energy sources to replace nuclear power is of central importance to the elimination of nuclear power dependence. However, Hosokawa in the debate cited the case of Tokyo Metropolitan University, established in 2005 through the merger of four Tokyo metropolitan government-run schools, saying the task of hammering out measures to solve the problem “must be undertaken by such an institution,” leaving the hard task entirely up to the university.
 しかし、肝心の代替エネルギーの確保策に関しては、旧都立大などが前身の首都大学東京を挙げ、「そういうところで対策を考えていただきたい」と丸投げした。

Such a way of thinking is extremely irresponsible.
 これでは無責任に過ぎる。

On Tokyo’s hosting of the 2020 Olympics and Paralympics, Masuzoe stressed his resolve to make them among “the greatest events in history,” pledging to upgrade Tokyo’s transportation infrastructure and enhance public safety. Hosokawa and Utsunomiya, for their part, argued that portions of the current projects for the Games, if considered excessive, should be reconsidered.
 2020年東京五輪・パラリンピックについては、舛添氏が「史上最高の大会にする」と訴え、交通網の整備や治安対策の充実を約束した。細川氏と宇都宮氏は、現在の計画案の過大な部分は見直すべきだと主張した。

It is presumably impossible, however, to make drastic changes to key elements of the plans that Tokyo has shown the International Olympic Committee in the bid to become the host, including the capacity of the new National Stadium. What the new Tokyo governor must do is make efforts to reduce wasteful budgetary spending, if any, while proceeding based on those plans.
 新国立競技場の収容人数など、招致段階で国際オリンピック委員会(IOC)に示された計画案の根幹部分の大幅変更は認められまい。新しい知事に求められるのは、計画案を前提としつつ、無駄があれば改善する姿勢だろう。

In the televised debate, the idea was floated of making better use of vacant lots owned by the metropolitan government as a step toward solving the problem of waiting lists for children to enter day care centers.
 討論では、待機児童の解消策について、都が保有する遊休地活用といったアイデアが出された。

None of the candidates, however, came up with any in-depth proposals in connection with such key problems as what measures should be taken in response to Tokyo’s rapidly graying population and the need for making preparations for a massive earthquake with its focus just beneath the Tokyo metropolitan area. We urge the candidates to clarify their views about specific steps to cope with these challenges.
 ただ、急速に進む高齢化への対応や、首都直下地震対策などの重要課題で、踏み込んだ見解は示されなかった。各候補の具体策をもっと聞きたい。

Discussions among the candidates must be deepened further toward the polling day, Feb. 9.
 2月9日の投票日に向け、さらに論議を深めてもらいたい。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Jan. 31, 2014)
(2014年1月31日01時18分  読売新聞)

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