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2014年2月12日 (水)

民主党大会 破綻した政策にまだ拘るのか

The Yomiuri Shimbun February 11, 2014
Will DPJ continue to follow failed policies and oppose needed changes?
民主党大会 破綻した政策にまだ拘るのか(2月11日付・読売社説)

Even if the Democratic Party of Japan works out proposals to counter the policies of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s administration, or promises to review its key policies, it will be difficult for the party to rejuvenate itself if it fails to reach proper conclusions in such efforts or fails to establish internal unity.
 安倍政権の政策への対案作成や重要政策の見直しを掲げても、きちんと結論を出し、一致団結しなければ、党の再生はおぼつかない。

The DPJ held its party convention in Koriyama, Fukushima Prefecture. At the convention, party leader Banri Kaieda spelled out the DPJ’s confrontational stance vis a vis the Abe administration, saying: “All our members will work together to pursue politics that will defend the people’s lives, jobs and livelihoods. Our party must play a pivotal role in the opposition force.”
 民主党が福島県郡山市で党大会を開いた。海江田代表は、「いのち、雇用、暮らしを守る政治を全党員が一丸で進める。民主党こそが野党勢力の中心に立たなければならない」と述べ、安倍政権への対決姿勢を打ち出した。

In its action policy for fiscal 2014, the party emphasizes that “the party will properly keep watch, through Diet deliberations, on the Abe Cabinet, which may ‘run roughshod’ by dint of its strength of numbers.”
 2014年度活動方針も、「数を頼みに『暴走』しかねない安倍内閣を国会審議を通じてしっかり監視する」と強調している。

Yet the environment the DPJ is confronting, both within and outside the party, remains severe.
 だが、民主党を取り巻く党内外の環境は相変わらず厳しい。

Discontent runs deep among conservatives within the party over the policy line under Kaieda. They do not like the idea of the party leadership, which they consider to have taken on a strong tint of liberalism, merely reflexively opposing the ruling party for the sake of opposition.
 海江田執行部のリベラル色の強い「抵抗野党」路線には、党内の保守系議員に不満が強い。

Because of this, a number of party members, chiefly among those who failed to win seats in the latest House of Councillors election, left the party in the latter half of last year. Kaieda’s lack of leadership ability is a problem the party must contend with.
昨年後半は、落選議員らの離党が相次いだ。課題とされる海江田代表の求心力は低いままだ。

Nippon Ishin no Kai (Japan Restoration Party) and Your Party, as “responsible opposition parties,” have shown their positive stance toward policy discussions with the ruling Liberal Democratic Party. The joint struggle by opposition parties in the Diet has not made progress. Nor is there any prospect for what the DPJ envisages as “a reorganization of opposition parties centering on the DPJ.”
 日本維新の会やみんなの党は、「責任野党」として、自民党との政策協議に前向きな姿勢を示しており、国会での野党共闘は進んでいない。民主党が描く「民主党を中心とする野党再編」も展望が開けていない。

Professing its principle of “making counterproposals” to the administration, the DPJ had claimed that it would compile its own economic policies to counter those championed by the Abe administration.
 民主党は、「対案主義」を標榜(ひょうぼう)し、安倍政権の経済政策「アベノミクス」に対抗する経済政策をまとめると説明してきた。

Policy review long overdue

Yet even at the latest party convention, the party did not present any concrete plans for solving problems, the most important of which is how to help the nation escape from deflation and grow the economy.
だが、党大会でも、いかにデフレを脱却し、経済を成長させるのかという肝心の具体策は示されなかった。

DPJ Policy Research Committee Chairman Mitsuru Sakurai has made clear the party’s stance of reviewing its seven key policies, which it advocated in its manifesto for the 2009 House of Representatives election. Two of these policies were “saving ¥16.8 trillion a year in fiscal resources by stamping out wasteful spending,” and “establishing a guaranteed minimum pension payment system.”
 桜井政調会長は、09年衆院選の政権公約(マニフェスト)で掲げた「無駄遣いの撲滅による年16・8兆円の財源捻出」「最低保障年金の創設」など7項目の重要政策を見直す方針を表明している。

It is obviously unrealistic for a government to carry out such schemes as the establishment of a minimum pension payment system, which would require a large-scale tax increase. The party should have reviewed these key policies before the 2012 lower house election.
 大幅な増税が不可欠な最低保障年金の創設などが非現実的なのは明白で、重要政策は本来、12年衆院選の前に見直すべきだった。

The pace of the party’s review, which it has said would be concluded by the unified local elections scheduled for spring next year and which the party considers a “vanguard for its counteroffensive,” is too slow.
民主党が「反転攻勢の先陣」と位置づける来年春の統一地方選までに結論を出すのでは悠長すぎる。

Some in the party adhere to the manifesto and are cautious about the policy review, saying there is nothing wrong with the party’s course of action. There has been no improvement in the party’s habitual pattern of struggling to reach a consensus and merely heatedly exchanging views.
 党内には依然、「政策の方向性は間違っていない」などと政権公約に拘(こだわ)る、見直しへの慎重論もくすぶる。活発に議論するだけで、なかなか結論を出せない党の体質は改善していない。

Regarding the change in the interpretation of the Constitution that would enable the exercise of the nation’s right to collective self-defense, which Abe aims to realize, the DPJ earlier attempted to compile a view opposing such a change. But because the party’s conservative members and others have balked at this move, the party has been unable to establish a consensus on the issue.
 安倍首相が目指す集団的自衛権の憲法解釈の変更について、民主党は党大会までに、反対する方向で見解をまとめようとしていたが、保守系議員らが異論を唱え、意見集約は進んでいない。

This is the price the party is paying for having avoided for so long an intraparty discussion on national security policy. The party also needs to change its stance of putting off thorny tasks.
 長年、安全保障政策をめぐる党内論議を回避してきたツケにほかならない。困難な課題を先送りする姿勢も改めねばならない。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Feb. 11, 2014)
(2014年2月11日01時35分  読売新聞)

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