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2014年4月11日 (金)

ウクライナ混乱 これ以上許せない露の介入

The Yomiuri Shimbun 6:57 pm, April 10, 2014
Further Russian intervention in Ukrainian crisis will not be tolerated
ウクライナ混乱 これ以上許せない露の介入

Further interventions in which Russia uses force in Ukraine’s domestic situation cannot be tolerated.

In three eastern Ukraine provinces where many Russian-speaking people live, the beleaguered nation

has deteriorated into a state of chaos, as evidenced by the seizure of provincial government buildings by

pro-Russian demonstrators.

In two of the three provinces, Donetsk and Kharkiv, pro-Moscow activists have declared the creation of “

people’s republics,” both of which are devoid of any legal basis. Protesters in Donetsk against the

Ukrainian authorities are reportedly poised to carry out a referendum to consider the possibility of

secession from Ukraine.


These moves are reminiscent of Russia’s annexation of the Crimean Peninsula in the southern region of

Ukraine last month by way of a disputed referendum that ran counter to the Ukrainian Constitution.

There is no doubt that Russia is behind them.


Moscow has built up tens of thousands of troops on the Ukrainian border. According to information from

the U.S. government, Russian special forces and intelligence service agents have crossed the border into

Ukraine, maneuvering to instigate pro-Russian separatists.


Could it be that Russia is trying to set the stage for a military intervention on the pretext of protecting

ethnic Russians in the east? Since even the ethnic Russians, as a matter of course, belong to the nation

of Ukraine, Moscow’s self-serving logic is completely unacceptable.


If the chaos in Ukraine escalates, it will give rise to fears of major clashes between antigovernment

protesters and the country’s security forces. Does Moscow truly have no option of acting with restraint

instead of exerting continuous pressure on Ukraine?


Still Ukraine’s Constitution

Russia has come up with a proposal that Ukraine revise its Constitution to shift to a federal system and

stipulate military neutrality. The proposal is most likely designed to place the east under Moscow’s

influence by making it independent of the central government through the adoption of a federal system,

with the aim of preventing Ukraine from joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.


Constitutional decisions, however, are in the hands of the Ukrainian people, not Russia.

In Ukraine, a presidential election will be held in May to launch a full-fledged administration to replace

the current interim government. The international community should join forces to ensure that the

election is conducted fairly.


During the period leading up to the presidential election, the interim government must do its best to

bring calm to the chaotic state of affairs by reducing unrest on the part of ethnic Russians through such

means as having radical nationalists, who are strongly inclined to be against Moscow, lay down their



Strapped with huge amounts of government debt, Ukraine has seen its fiscal condition become

increasingly stringent. The Ukrainian government is urged to address the task of drastic economic reform

to garner confidence from nations set to extend assistance to Ukraine.


It is only natural that the United States and the European Union have taken a stiffer line than ever

toward Russia.

Washington has expressed its intention to mete out additional sanctions against Moscow in such key

sectors as energy, financial services and mining as long as Russia fails to change its current stance.

The four parties concerned—the United States, Russia, the EU and the Ukrainian interim government—

are scheduled to hold foreign ministerial talks next week. We hope to see the talks reach an agreement

on the need to find a way to ease tensions through negotiations.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, April 10, 2014)


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