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2014年6月24日 (火)

通常国会閉幕 与野党協調を一層進化させよ

The Yomiuri Shimbun
Ruling, opposition parties must continue productive cooperation
通常国会閉幕 与野党協調を一層進化させよ

The 150-day ordinary Diet session came to a close on Sunday. Many bills were enacted thanks to cooperation between the ruling and opposition parties. Continual efforts must be made to further revitalize Diet activities, placing high importance on this trend of cooperation.
 通常国会が閉幕した。与野党の協力で成立にこぎつけた法律も少なくない。この流れを大切にしながら、国会を活性化する必要がある。

Of 81 bills newly presented by the administration of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to the just adjourned legislature, 79 were enacted, including one for the promotion of comprehensive arrangements for medical and nursing care services. That represents an amazingly high passage rate of 97 percent.
 安倍内閣が今国会に提出した新規の81法案のうち、医療・介護総合推進法など79本が成立した。成立率は97%と極めて高い。

The ordinary Diet session, which was the first after the divided Diet was resolved in the House of Councillors election in July last year, can safely be said to have achieved a degree of success.
 昨年7月に衆参のねじれが解消されてから初の通常国会は、一定の成果を上げたと言える。

One factor behind the smooth proceedings of the Diet deliberations may be the fact that the Abe Cabinet has remained stable, with none of its ministers replaced since the inauguration of the second Abe administration in December 2012.
 一昨年12月の第2次安倍内閣の発足以来、閣僚が一人も交代せず、内閣が安定していることも、国会が円滑に進んだ一因だろう。

During the closing phase of the session, a remark made by Environment Minister Nobuteru Ishihara regarding the issue of finding intermediate places for storing radioactive soil and other materials from the Fukushima nuclear crisis—saying the problem could eventually “end up [being resolved] with cash handouts”—cannot help but be called inappropriate. It is only natural that Ishihara has apologized for the gaffe and retracted his words.
 国会終盤に石原環境相が、原発事故に伴う汚染土などの中間貯蔵施設の建設を巡り、「最後は金目でしょ」と発言したのは不適切だった。石原氏が謝罪し、発言を撤回したのは当然だ。

The opposition parties submitted to both chambers a nonconfidence motion and censure resolution against Ishihara, but both were voted down. All Cabinet members must bear in mind the need to address their duties properly, and not become complacent due to the ruling camp’s comfortable majority in the Diet.
 野党は、衆参両院に石原氏の不信任決議案などを提出したが、否決された。閣僚は、国会での与党多数に慢心せず、緊張感を持って職務に努めねばならない。

Regarding bills sponsored by members of the Diet, the latest session saw a further remarkable step forward in terms of cooperation between the ruling and opposition blocs.
 議員立法では、与野党の協調が一段と進化した。

The revision of the national referendum law for clarifying procedures on revising the Constitution was favored by more than 90 percent of the House of Representatives and upper house lawmakers as seven ruling and opposition parties came together to form a suprapartisan agreement.
 憲法改正の手続きを明確にする改正国民投票法は、与野党7党が歩み寄って超党派の合意を形成して、衆参両院の9割を超える議員が賛成した。

Accord on key policies

On the issue of creating a Diet organ in charge of supervising the enforcement of the special state secrecy law, the ruling coalition parties consulted with such opposition parties as Nippon Ishin no Kai (Japan Restoration Party) and Your Party. Regarding the ruling coalition-presented bill for revising the Diet Law, an agreement was obtained from Your Party in the final stage of the Diet session, and it became law on Friday.
 特定秘密保護法の運用を監視する国会の監視機関についても、与党は日本維新の会、みんなの党などと協議した。最終的に、与党提出の国会法改正案は、みんなの党も賛成し、成立した。

It is praiseworthy that the ruling parties, instead of trying to dominate Diet proceedings on the strength of their numerical superiority, were fairly successful in building cooperative relations with the opposition camp. The Abe administration should continue to keep in mind the importance of running the Diet conscientiously.
 与党が「数の力」で押し切るのでなく、野党と協力関係を構築したことは評価できる。安倍政権は、引き続き丁寧な国会運営を心掛けることが大切である。

The configuration of strength in the Diet characterized as “one strong party versus the others, which are all weak,” with the Liberal Democratic Party as the strongest force, will remain unchanged. The Democratic Party of Japan has failed to exert its presence, as the leadership of its head, Banri Kaieda, has been waning to the extent that some party members are calling for a party representative election to be held earlier than scheduled.
 国会では、自民党の勢力が突出した「1強多弱」の状況が続く。民主党は海江田代表の求心力が低下し、代表選の前倒し論が出るなど、存在感を示せなかった。

Ishin no Kai will split due to the conflicting views of its coleaders, Shintaro Ishihara and Toru Hashimoto, over nuclear energy policy, in addition to a schism concerning how to forge ahead with the realignment of opposition parties. Hashimoto and his allies are set to finalize arrangements to merge with Yui no To as soon as possible.
 維新の会は、石原、橋下両共同代表が、原発政策を巡る対立に加え、野党再編に関する意見の違いを埋められず、分裂することになった。橋下氏側と結いの党は、合流への調整を急いでいる。

We can understand the goal of rallying opposition parties to create a force capable of opposing the LDP, but the parties involved should first agree on key policies. The opposition parties should also take to heart the importance of being a “responsible opposition party” ready to extend cooperation to the government depending on the content of specific policies.
 自民党に対抗する勢力の結集を目指す狙いは理解できるが、政策の一致を前提とすべきだ。政策ごとに政権と協力する「責任野党」の立場も忘れてはならない。

The Abe administration is poised to encourage discussions on reviewing the government’s constitutional interpretation regarding the nation’s right to collective self-defense. It is indispensable for the ruling coalition parties to redouble their efforts to garner cooperation from such parties as Ishin no Kai and Your Party, which have taken stands favorable to reinterpreting the Constitution on the matter.
 安倍政権は今後、集団的自衛権の憲法解釈の見直しに関する議論を活発化させる考えだ。与党は、解釈変更に前向きな維新の会やみんなの党などの協力を得るよう、努めることが欠かせない。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, June 23, 2014)

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