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2014年8月17日 (日)

イラク首相退陣 過激派排除へ勢力を結集せよ

The Yomiuri Shimbun
New Iraqi premier must gather forces to remove radical Islamic insurgents
イラク首相退陣 過激派排除へ勢力を結集せよ

Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s relinquishment of his post must be used as an important step toward eliminating the Sunni Islamic State radical group that has been expanding its sphere of influence in northwestern Iraq.
 イラク北西部で勢力を拡大するイスラム教スンニ派の過激派組織「イスラム国」の排除へ、重要な一歩としたい。

Maliki has decided to step down and declared his support for Haider al-Abadi, vice speaker of the Iraqi parliament, who has been nominated as his successor. Maliki had lost credibility at home and abroad as he was devoted to protecting his own position while unable to deal with the crisis of his country’s divisions.
 イラクのマリキ首相が退陣を決断し、新首相に指名されたアバーディ国民議会副議長への支持を表明した。マリキ氏は、イラク分裂の危機に対処できないまま、自己保身に走り、内外の信用を失っていた。

During about eight years in office, Maliki concentrated power among his Shiite allies, provoking strong distrust from Sunnis and Kurds. He eventually became unable to obtain cooperation in forming a government for his third term.
 約8年間の執政で自らの支持基盤のシーア派を偏重した結果、スンニ派やクルド人の強い不信を買い、ついには3期目の組閣への協力も得られなくなった。

The secession of Sunni factions from the Maliki administration was a factor behind the expansion of the Islamic State. It is commendable that a major hurdle in the way of national reconciliation, which is indispensable for overcoming the crisis, has been removed with Maliki’s resignation.
 マリキ政権からのスンニ派などの離反が、「イスラム国」の伸長を許した一因である。マリキ首相の退陣で、国難の乗り切りに不可欠な国民融和の大きな障害が取り除かれたことは、評価できる。

Like Maliki, Abadi is a Shiite, but his politics are relatively moderate, and he is said to be practical-minded. Reconciliation with the Sunnis and Kurds must be realized as quickly as possible.
 アバーディ氏は、マリキ氏と同じシーア派出身だが、政治色が比較的薄く、実務家肌とされる。スンニ派やクルド人との融和を早急に実現する必要がある。

The first task for Abadi is to establish a cabinet of national unity by an early September deadline. To this end, it is necessary for the new prime minister to put forth a stance of breaking away from Maliki-style politics so as to secure the cooperation of the Sunnis and Kurds. It is essential to unite various political forces under his leadership.
 最初の課題は、9月上旬の期限までに挙国一致内閣を樹立することだ。そのためには、スンニ派やクルド人の協力が得られるよう、マリキ流の政治と決別する姿勢を打ち出す必要がある。各政治勢力の結集を図ることが肝要だ。

Intl support secured

In addition to the United States and Europe, such countries as Japan, Iran and Saudi Arabia have joined hands to support Abadi. This is because they have judged that backing the new Iraqi government is crucial to cope with the threat of Islamic State militants.
 米欧や日本、イラン、サウジアラビアなどは、アバーディ氏支持で足並みをそろえた。「イスラム国」の脅威に対処するには、新体制作りを一致して支えることが重要だと判断したからだ。

The Islamic State has fought alongside Sunni tribes and remnants of the former Saddam Hussein regime that tried to topple the Maliki administration. Joined also by radicalized young people from abroad, the Islamic State has reportedly increased its membership to about 10,000. It is feared that the threat of terrorism will spread globally if the group is left unchecked.
 「イスラム国」は、マリキ政権打倒を狙ったスンニ派部族やフセイン旧体制残党と共闘している。過激思想に感化された国外の若者も加わり、勢力は約1万人にも上るという。放置すれば、テロの脅威が世界へ拡散しかねない。

It is necessary to weaken the Islamic State by severing its links to Sunni tribes through political approaches by Sunni leaders.
 スンニ派幹部による政治的働きかけで「イスラム国」とスンニ派部族などとの連携を断ち切り、勢力を弱体化させねばならない。

Limited U.S. air strikes in the areas around its consulate general in Arbil, northern Iraq, have produced certain results, including blocking the advance of Islamic State insurgents and rescuing some minority Yazidis.
 米国は限定的な空爆で、米総領事館のある北部アルビル周辺への「イスラム国」の侵攻の足止めや、少数派ヤジーディ教徒の一部救出など、一定の成果を上げた。

The U.S. military plans to maintain a policy of air strikes in Iraq for at least several weeks and has started supplying arms to the Kurds. However, there are limits to the effects of restricted air raids. It is imperative to fully support and rebuild Iraq’s military security forces, which are on the brink of collapse.
 米軍は、空爆態勢を数週間以上も維持する方針で、クルド人勢力への武器供与も始めた。だが、限定空爆の効果には限界がある。崩壊寸前のイラク軍治安部隊を本格的に支援し、再建すべきだ。

It is essential to provide assis-tance for refugees who are said to total 700,000 in the Kurdish autonomous region of northern Iraq alone. From a humanitarian standpoint, Japan should study effective aid measures in cooperation with the United States and Europe.
 イラク北部のクルド自治区だけで70万人に上るとされる避難民への支援も重要だ。人道的観点から、日本も米欧と連携し、効果的な支援を検討したい。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Aug. 16, 2014)

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