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2014年8月 9日 (土)

防衛白書 中朝の軍事挑発に警戒強めよ

The Yomiuri Shimbun
Bolster sense of vigilance against provocations from China, N. Korea
防衛白書 中朝の軍事挑発に警戒強めよ

While maintaining unfailing vigilance against China and North Korea, which have been continuing their military provocations, Japan must proceed steadily with the tasks of enhancing the Self-Defense Forces’ capabilities and taking relevant legislative action.
 軍事的挑発を続ける中国や北朝鮮への警戒を怠らず、自衛隊の能力向上や関連法整備を着実に進める必要がある。

“Defense of Japan 2014,” the nation’s defense white paper for this year, has noted that destabilizing factors in Asia, including areas surrounding Japan, “are becoming more serious,” expressing “strong concern” especially on such matters as the Chinese military’s provocative acts.
 2014年版防衛白書は、日本周辺を含むアジアの不安定要因が「より深刻化している」と明記し、特に中国軍の挑発行動などに「強い懸念」を示した。

Regarding Beijing’s unilateral declaration last autumn of an air defense identification zone in the East China Sea, the white paper released on Tuesday criticized the ADIZ imposition as a “profoundly dangerous act that may cause unintended consequences.”
 昨秋の東シナ海における中国の一方的な防空識別圏設定については「不測の事態を招きかねない非常に危険なもの」と批判した。

The white paper has clearly stated what stands to reason. Such incidents as Chinese fighters approaching abnormally close to SDF aircraft have subsequently been taking place one after another.
 その後、中国軍戦闘機による自衛隊機への異常接近も相次いでおり、白書の指摘は当然である。

In fiscal 2013, the Air Self-Defense Force scrambled its fighter jets 810 times against military planes and other aircraft feared to be infringing on Japanese territorial airspace, according to the white paper. It is the first time in 24 years that the number has topped 800. More than half of the incidents were in response to Chinese planes, the document said.
 領空侵犯の恐れがある軍用機などに対する13年度の航空自衛隊の緊急発進(スクランブル)は810回で、24年ぶりに800回を超えた。半数以上が対中国機だ。

There is no doubt that China’s provocations have heightened tensions between Tokyo and Beijing. To avoid an accidental clash, such arrangements as setting up a hotline between Japan and China must be made promptly. It is also very important for Japan to tenaciously prod China in cooperation with other countries, including the United States, to exercise self-restraint to prevent dangerous behavior.
 中国の挑発が日中間の緊張を高めていることは明らかだ。偶発的衝突を回避するため、日中間のホットライン設置などを急がねばならない。日本は、米国などと連携し、中国に危険な行動の自制を粘り強く促すことも大切だ。

The white paper cited such facts as a Chinese naval fleet making a passage through not only the Nansei Islands, between Kyushu island and Taiwan, but also Hokkaido’s Soya Strait for the first time in July last year. According to the paper’s related analysis, China has continued to ramp up its oceanic deployment capabilities. It is imperative for the Defense Ministry to continue to carry out detailed surveillance of the activities of Chinese naval forces.
 白書は、中国海軍の艦艇部隊が、南西諸島だけでなく、北海道の宗谷海峡を昨年7月に初めて通過したことなどに言及し、外洋展開能力を向上させていると分析した。防衛省は、その動向の詳細を監視し続けることが欠かせない。

Ensure ‘seamless’ defense

In March this year, North Korea fired multiple missiles in the early morning and at night using transporter-erector launchers (TELs), or mobile launchers. The white paper observes that Pyongyang “has deepened confidence about the performance and reliability” of its missiles.
 北朝鮮は今年3月、早朝・夜間に移動式発射台から複数の弾道ミサイルを撃った。白書は、北朝鮮がミサイルの「性能や信頼性に自信を深めている」と指摘した。

The North’s medium-range Rodong missiles are capable of striking almost anywhere in Japan. If Pyongyang’s actual warfare missile-launching capabilities are boosted and its program to miniaturize nuclear weapons is realized, the threat from North Korea will increase further.
 中距離弾道ミサイル・ノドンは日本の大半を射程に収めている。北朝鮮のミサイル発射の実戦能力が向上し、核兵器の小型化が実現すれば、脅威は一段と高まる。

In response, Japan must strengthen missile interception arrangements through such means as the Aegis-equipped destroyers of the Maritime Self-Defense Force. Defense cooperation with U.S. forces should also be made even closer to build up deterrence against North Korea.
 日本は、海上自衛隊のイージス艦などによるミサイル迎撃体制を強化するべきだ。米軍との防衛協力を緊密化し、北朝鮮に対する抑止力も強めたい。

As for the Cabinet approval in July to allow Japan to exercise the right of collective self-defense on a limited scale, the white paper has evaluated the decision as having “historic significance” in further ensuring national peace and security.
 白書は、集団的自衛権の行使を限定的に容認する新たな政府見解の閣議決定を「歴史的な重要性を持つ」と評価した。

It also emphasized the importance of enhancing legislative arrangements to make the nation capable of making a seamless response to the outbreak of various types of emergencies.
様々な緊急事態が発生した際に、切れ目のない対応を可能とする安全保障法制の整備の重要性も強調している。

Bolstering preparedness to cope swiftly with what are known as “gray zone” incidents, or events that cannot be immediately defined as military attacks—such as seizure of remote islands by foreign intruders disguised as fishermen—is matter of urgency. Measures to address such situations should be reflected in the revision of the Guidelines for Japan-U.S. Defense Cooperation scheduled toward the year-end.
 偽装漁民による離島占拠など、平時でも有事でもない「グレーゾーン事態」に迅速に対処する体制を整えることが急務である。年末の日米防衛協力の指針(ガイドライン)改定に反映したい。

Furthermore, it is also important to forge ahead with the international development of weapons based on the government’s three principles on the transfer of defense equipment and technology, with the aim of boosting the nation’s defense-related production and technological bases to ensure the enhancement of its comprehensive defense capabilities.
 防衛装備移転3原則に基づく武器の国際共同開発を進めて防衛生産・技術基盤を強化し、総合的な防衛力を高めることも重要だ。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Aug. 8, 2014)

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