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2014年10月 7日 (火)

「イスラム国」 テロ戦闘員の流入を阻止せよ

The Yomiuri Shimbun
Intl community must stem flow of extremists drawn to Islamic State
「イスラム国」 テロ戦闘員の流入を阻止せよ

In an alarming trend, terrorists and others espousing extremist beliefs have been coming together from all parts of the world to join the Islamic State group of extreme militants in the Middle East. Such a highly dangerous state of affairs can never be tolerated.

The U.N. Security Council has unanimously adopted a resolution compelling all members of the world body to make new laws and restrictions to punish citizens who try to go overseas for terrorist purposes, as well as people who support such citizens.

The resolution is aimed at preventing the inflow of foreign fighters into the Islamic State, also known as the ISIS (the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria), which has been expanding its influence across wide swaths of such countries as Syria. The Security Council action is also designed to prevent fighters who have returned from the ISIS to their home countries from engaging in terrorist activities.

U.S. President Barack Obama has pointed out that “more than 15,000 foreign fighters from more than 80 nations have traveled to Syria” in recent years. Youths and others sympathizing with the causes of the ISIS have been answering its recruitment campaigns through the Internet and other means.

The international community shares a sense of urgency in the face of the menace posed by the Islamic State group. In particular, European nations, which have large numbers of Islamic immigrants, are eager to make new legal arrangements in response to the Security Council resolution.

France’s National Assembly has passed a bill centering around such purposes as temporarily seizing the passports of French nationals planning to commit radical activities and restricting access to websites that justify terrorism. Britain has been considering such steps as temporarily depriving radicals of their passports and prohibiting them from boarding passenger airplanes.

Infiltrating Asian Muslims

The Japanese government is set to clamp down on people traveling abroad for terrorist purposes through existing laws and regulations, including the Penal Code. The government is also poised to coordinate opinions to legislate a new law aimed at cutting off the flow of funds to terrorist organizations. Japan must also implement measures to effectively contain terrorist moves.

It is worrying that the ISIS’ influence has been rapidly spreading among Muslims in the Asia-Pacific region.

According to the commander of the U.S. Pacific Command, an estimated 1,000 people from this region are believed to have headed for such countries as Syria and Iraq to join the ISIS.

Multiple extremist groups in Southeast Asia, including some in Indonesia, which has the world’s largest Muslim population of about 200 million, have expressed support for the ISIS. Some have engaged in fund-raising activities in support of the Islamic State.

There have reportedly been a number of Muslims who have joined the ISIS from China’s Xinjang Uygur Autonomous Region, where clashes between Uygur and Chinese authorities have continued unabated.

A note of warning was sounded against the spread of terrorism on Sept. 18, when police took 15 ISIS supporters into custody in Australia. They were said to be plotting the indiscriminate killing of ordinary citizens.

There is no doubt that the spread of sympathy in Asia for the ISIS comes against a background of poverty and rampant corruption that has fomented deep discontent among the populace over the unfairness of society.

To prevent further infiltration by the ISIS, it is essential to reform such deep-seated maladies in Asian nations over the mid- and long term.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Oct. 6, 2014)Speech


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