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2014年10月 2日 (木)

衆院代表質問 民主党は対案示して論争せよ

The Yomiuri Shimbun
DPJ should offer own proposals, lock horns with govt responsibly
衆院代表質問 民主党は対案示して論争せよ

Merely criticizing the government in the Diet will do little to give depth to parliamentary discussions.
 批判するばかりでは、国会論戦が深まらない。

To fulfill its duty as the largest opposition party, the Democratic Party of Japan should present counterproposals that could be an alternative to important government policies.
民主党は、野党第1党の責任として、重要政策の対案を示したうえで、論争すべきだ。

On Tuesday, representatives from the ruling and opposition parties started questioning Prime Minister Shinzo Abe over his key policy speech at the House of Representatives.
 衆院で安倍首相の所信表明演説に対する代表質問が始まった。

DPJ President Banri Kaieda criticized the prime minister’s Abenomics economic policy as “an approach aimed at placing priority on helping business corporations gain profits.” The DPJ leader also expressed a negative opinion about the government’s desire to lower the corporate tax rate, citing the need to secure a massive amount of revenue to offset the reduction.
 民主党の海江田代表は、安倍政権の経済政策「アベノミクス」について「企業が儲もうけるのが最優先という考え方だ」と批判した。政府が目指す法人税率引き下げに関しても、多額の財源が必要として否定的な考えを示した。

The prime minister refuted Kaieda’s argument by saying that his Abenomics policy is “starting to produce a virtuous economic cycle.” With the recent rise in prices, Abe also emphasized his determination to “create a situation in which wages will increase every year.”
 首相は、アベノミクスによって「経済の好循環が生まれ始めている」と反論した。物価上昇を踏まえて、「賃金が毎年増える状況を実現する」とも強調した。

Ending deflation requires a virtuous economic circle where an increase in corporate earnings will help raise wages and create more jobs, thereby boosting consumption and, consequently, improving the economy. It should also be noted that a reduction in the corporation tax is helpful in bolstering the international competitiveness of our nation’s corporate sector.
 企業の収益増により賃金上昇や雇用拡大を実現し、消費拡大を景気回復につなげる「経済の好循環」は、デフレ脱却に欠かせない。企業の国際競争力を強化するには、法人減税が有効である。

It is essential to make progress in the economic management of Abenomics, a task that needs to be complemented by paying careful attention to its potentially adverse effects, including a widening disparity in income levels.
 所得格差の拡大など、副作用にも目配りしつつ、アベノミクスを推進することが重要だ。

In May, the DPJ put together an economic policy package aimed mainly at reviving the middle-class segment of the population and regional economies. However, Kaieda did not discuss the details of his party’s policy package.
 民主党は今年5月、中間層と地域経済の再生を柱とする経済政策をまとめているが、海江田氏はこの詳細には触れなかった。

The DPJ leader also referred to an envisaged increase in the consumption tax rate to 10 percent, arguing that measures should be taken to improve the quality of social security systems when the tax is raised. In reply, the prime minister revealed his intention to finance new social security policies with 20 percent of the revenue increase to be accrued from the tax rate hike.
 消費税率の10%への引き上げについて、海江田氏は、増税時の社会保障の充実を求めた。首相は、増収分の2割を新規の社会保障政策に充てる考えを示した。

Security plans blasted

By the end of the year, the prime minister is scheduled to decide whether to increase the tax rate to 10 percent after considering the economic situation and other factors from a comprehensive perspective. His decision will be significant in that it is bound to greatly affect the economy and the progress in fiscal reconstruction. Given this, legislators should debate pertinent issues from various points of view.
 首相は年内に、経済状況などを総合的に勘案し、増税の是非を判断する予定だ。景気や財政再建にも大きな影響を与える重要な判断となる。国会でも、多角的な議論を行うことが求められる。

The themes addressed by Kaieda at Tuesday’s Diet session included a government plan to create and revise laws for national security that would permit this country to exercise its right of collective self-defense. He told the lower house that “the dispute [over the government’s new stance on the right] is being set aside without offering any necessary explanations to the public.” His condemnation targeted a government intention not to submit security legislation to the current Diet session and, instead, present them at next year’s ordinary session.
 集団的自衛権の行使を容認する安全保障法制の整備について、海江田氏は「国民には何も説明のないまま議論が棚上げされようとしている」と述べた。関連法案の提出を来年の通常国会に先送りする政府の方針を非難したものだ。

The blame for “postponement,” however, should fall on the DPJ. The opposition party is still unable to form an intraparty consensus about the pros and cons of the latest government decision on the limited exercise of the right of collective self-defense. The DPJ should hold internal discussions on the issue as soon as possible.
 だが、「先送り批判」は民主党にこそ当てはまる。民主党は行使容認の是非について、今なお党の見解を集約できないでいる。早急に党内論議を行う必要がある。

Meanwhile, Ishin no To (Restoration Party) coleader Kenji Eda told the Diet that the consumption tax rate hike could serve as “a decisive trigger for a failure resulting from Abenomics.” He also said the Abe administration is “entirely inadequate” in trying to curtail wasteful government spending.
 維新の党の江田共同代表は、消費増税について「アベノミクスの失敗への決定的な引き金を引くかもしれない」と語った。安倍政権は「歳出のムダ削減が全く不十分だ」とも指摘した。

Nippon Ishin no Kai (Japan Restoration Party), the predecessor to Ishin no Kai, had been poised to support the Abe administration if any government policies could be deemed commendable, while opposing the government if any of its policies were unacceptable. This is in contrast to the stance adopted by Ishin no To toward the government. The party is increasingly confrontational against the Abe administration.
 前身の日本維新の会は安倍政権に是々非々の立場だったが、維新の党は対決姿勢を強めている。

If Ishin no To changes its position as an opposition party that thinks and acts responsibly, the party should remain committed to dealing with controversial policy issues in a constructive manner.
仮に「責任野党」から転換する場合でも、健全な政策論争を仕掛ける姿勢は維持すべきだろう。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Oct. 1, 2014)Speech

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