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2015年2月 6日 (金)

対「イスラム国」 国際社会は包括的戦略を探れ

The Yomiuri Shimbun
International community must explore comprehensive strategies against ISIL
対「イスラム国」 国際社会は包括的戦略を探れ

To contain the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) militant group, which has repeatedly carried out atrocious criminal acts, the international community must devise and implement a comprehensive strategy.

ISIL, which is believed to have brutally murdered two Japanese hostages in Syria in recent days, released an online video showing its slaying of a captured Jordanian Air Force pilot.

Through the barbaric method of burning the captive alive in a cage, the group expressed its vengeance against Jordan, which is participating in the U.S.-led bombing raids against ISIL. Designed to instill terror in the hearts of those who watch it, the footage serves as part of the militant group’s heartless propaganda campaign.

The video also appears to show photos of other Jordanian pilots, and calls on them not to join the U.S-led airstrikes against ISIL, shaking the Jordanian side.

In retaliation, the Jordanian government executed Sajida al-Rishawi, a death-row convict who was taken into custody by Jordanian authorities as a failed suicide bomber in the 2005 Amman attacks. The militants had allegedly demanded Jordan release Rishawi.

The Jordanian government also said it will take additional measures militarily.

ISIL seeks to bring down the existing international order, and has called for overthrowing the Jordanian monarchy. Tension between ISIL and Jordan is certain to grow through a chain of hatred. It is feared that the situation in the Middle East may be destabilized.

The international community must unite to support Jordan, a country that stands at the forefront of the war against terrorism.

U.S. President Barack Obama and King Abdullah II of Jordan held talks at the White House on Tuesday and vowed to strengthen cooperation between their two countries to eradicate ISIL.

Rally for global action

British Prime Minister David Cameron and French President Francois Hollande strongly condemned ISIL’s actions. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe also expressed solidarity with the people of Jordan.

The U.S.-led international “coalition of the willing” of more than 60 countries against ISIL needs to cooperate and take concrete action to thwart the extremist group.

At an international ministerial meeting on counterterrorism to be held in Washington on Feb. 19, ministers must affirm the need to strengthen the coalition’s military campaign, to cut off the flow of funds to terrorists, stop would-be militants from joining ISIL, and expand assistance to Jordan and other moderate Arab nations.

During his talks with the Jordanian king, Obama emphasized that the United States and its allies “are determined to see the extremist group and their hateful ideology banished to the recesses of history.” We will watch how the U.S.-led coalition follows through with its determination.

The U.S. Defense Department has requested $5.3 billion for its fiscal 2016 budget, up about 4 percent from fiscal 2015, to finance operations against ISIL. To eliminate the militant group, it is essential to train Iraq’s military and Kurdish fighters as well as provide military assistance to bolster their equipment and conduct airstrikes.

The leadership of the United States is greatly needed.

Deep-rooted problems in the Middle East, such as poverty, social disparity and political corruption, are behind the fact that many combatants have flocked to join ISIL. Therefore, it is also important to promote mid- and long-term strategies, such as extending support to Middle Eastern countries to help reform their governance.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Feb. 5, 2015)Speech


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