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2015年11月19日 (木)

G20対テロ声明 国境管理の徹底で封じ込めよ

The Yomiuri Shimbun
G-20 must contain intl terrorists through rigid border controls
G20対テロ声明 国境管理の徹底で封じ込めよ

The solidarity of the international community in the wake of the simultaneous terrorist attacks in Paris must lead to effective measures to combat terrorism.

The Group of 20 (G-20) leaders summit ended with the adoption of a joint statement demonstrating their resolve to fight against terrorism.

The statement declared, “We condemn, in the strongest possible terms, the heinous terrorist attacks” in Paris on Nov. 13 and in Ankara in October.

It also said that the fight against terrorism “is a major priority for all of our countries” and called on the countries to take measures to cut off the financing channels for terrorism and to counter terrorist propaganda.

The statement also urged the countries to enhance cooperation in information sharing concerning an acutely growing flow of foreign terrorist fighters and thorough border controls.

There is nothing new, in particular, in any one of these specific measures. The countries concerned have already taken relevant measures but have so far been unable to prevent large-scale terror. What is needed is for the international community to strengthen its solidarity and enhance these measures’ effectiveness.

U.S. President Barack Obama expressed his intention of intensifying a bombing operations in Syria. Russian President Vladimir Putin said, “It’s only possible to deal with the terror threat by combining the efforts of the entire global community.”

French President Francois Hollande, who was absent from the G-20 summit, emphasized that “France is at war” with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) militant group. The United States and Russia should respond proactively to France’s call for cooperation to eradicate ISIL.

France will shortly submit to the U.N. Security Council a draft resolution aiming at defeating ISIL. It is important for the security council to adopt such a resolution promptly and support the campaign to wipe out ISIL as the collective will of the global community.

Economic hazards

Terrorism impedes the flow of people and goods and adds uncertainty to the world economy.

The G-20 countries should make efforts to raise their economic growth level with the aim of overcoming problems, such as poverty and youth unemployment, that lie behind terrorism.

The key to meeting these challenges is an expansion in infrastructure investment deemed effective in creating jobs and raising the standard of living in newly emerging economies.

It is quite reasonable that the G-20 statement has pointed out that the “top priority is timely and effective implementation of growth strategies” that would create jobs and reduce inequality.

Also on the agenda was the economic slowdown in China and the prospect of a U.S. interest rate hike. Both are issues that could deal a blow to newly emerging economies. It is important, also from the viewpoint of nipping terrorism in the bud, to keep possible adverse effects to a minimum.

Should China’s economy stall, countries exporting oil and other natural resources will be in a predicament. There was a succession of calls from other G-20 countries urging Beijing to make efforts to structural reform that the country would not become a source of trouble for the world economy.

We agree with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who said China needs to make efforts to tackle structural problems, including the scrapping of excessive production equipment.

If the United States raises interest rates, the flow of capital out of emerging economies may accelerate. It is considered appropriate that the G-20 leaders’ declaration called for the U.S. to make discreet decisions on its monetary policy.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Nov. 18, 2015)


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