« アジア欧州会議 中国は国際法に背を向けるな | トップページ | 中国成長横ばい 過剰な生産設備の是正を急げ »

2016年7月19日 (火)

トルコ軍反乱 鎮圧が国民融和につながるか

The Yomiuri Shimbun
Would suppression of military revolt in Turkey lead to reconciliation?
トルコ軍反乱 鎮圧が国民融和につながるか

The attempt by Turkish forces to use arms and overthrow a government chosen through a democratic process cannot possibly be condoned. There is a pressing need for the interested parties to exercise restraint so further bloodshed will be averted.

Some military troops attempted a coup through such actions as deploying tanks and occupying broadcasting stations in Turkey’s capital of Ankara and its largest city of Istanbul. There were clashes of arms and explosions, resulting in a large number of casualties. Large bridges connecting Europe and Asia and arterial roads were temporarily closed.

Military and police forces supporting the government have nearly quelled the rebel troops. The coup attempt ended in failure, with many soldiers killed or detained. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan emphasized that the coup attempt had been quashed, saying he was “in control” of the situation.

It was only natural for the United States, the European Union, the United Nations and others to express support for the Turkish government and call for the restoration of order. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said, “I’m concerned about the situation.” The Japanese government must strive to secure the safety of Japanese residents in Turkey in case the turmoil continues for an extended period.

One of the factors behind the latest revolt seems to be that part of the military was dissatisfied with the measures implemented to reduce their power, including constitutional amendment, at a time when the Erdogan administration has become even more religious.

Turkey has stood by its national principle of secularism — the separation of religion and politics — since Kemal Ataturk, who hailed from the military, was installed as the first president of the country in 1923.

History of coups

The military see themselves as “the defenders of secularism.” They have staged coups in the past, too, citing the government’s Islamization and political corruption as the reasons for their actions.

At the helm of a moderate Islamic party, Erdogan became prime minister in 2003 and president in 2014. Based on his initiative to achieve economic growth, Erdogan has implemented policy measures marked by a tilt toward Muslims, such as a ban on the sale of alcoholic beverages at night.

The problem is that Erdogan’s iron-fisted approach is heightening friction within the country.

Antigovernment demonstrations have been cracked down on, and control has been exercised over organs of public opinion critical of the government. Fighting against armed groups of separatist Kurds has turned into a quagmire, and little headway has been made in preventing terrorist attacks by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and other militant groups.

There will be no hope of stabilizing the political situation unless Erdogan facilitates reconciliation with secularists.

Turkey has allowed U.S. forces to use military bases for a campaign by the coalition of the willing to uproot the ISIL group. The country also plays an important role in hindering the movement of foreign ISIL fighters.

Turkey has also been asked to promote cooperation with the EU in dealing with the issue of Syrian refugees staying in that country despite wanting to leave for Europe.

It is indispensable for the international community, including Japan, to become actively involved in this respect, a task essential for preventing the latest incident from further exacerbating the situation in the Middle East.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, July 17, 2016)


« アジア欧州会議 中国は国際法に背を向けるな | トップページ | 中国成長横ばい 過剰な生産設備の是正を急げ »





« アジア欧州会議 中国は国際法に背を向けるな | トップページ | 中国成長横ばい 過剰な生産設備の是正を急げ »